1802 - Napoleon elected President of the Italian (Cisalpine
If anything, writers throughout the century lionized the Cisalpine
A good indication of the suspicion with which O'Connell was viewed can be seen from the fact that he was blackballed for membership of the prestigious Cisalpine
Club, the club for the leading English Catholics, despite having secured for them their religious liberties.
(59) Antony's crossing of the Alps, recalling the other, more famous crossing of Hannibal, the African trespasser who crossed the Alps with monstrous elephants, indicated that at any moment Africa could again overrun Roman territories, pouring through the Alps into Cisalpine
(44) Lingard studied in the English College in Douai, France, where he was influenced by the research-based methods of French historians, particularly by Fleury's Histoire ecclesiastique, the scholarly significance of which he likened to Edward Gibbon's renowned Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire., (45) As one of the leading representatives of the liberal Catholic Cisalpine
Club, Lingard, however, questioned the infallibility of the pope and his temporal rights in England and denied clerical authority over the laity.
The book under review here, a collection of essays on the Batavian Republic (the Netherlands), the Helvetic Republic (Switzerland), and the various revolutionary regimes in Italy--especially the largest and most durable of them, the Cisalpine
Republic--emphasizes constitutional theory, parliamentary practice, and the public sphere.
them--the Constitution of the Cisalpine
Republic (1797), the
A few months after, Brutus accepted from Caesar a most important command, that of Cisalpine
Gaul, while Cato, Scipio and Labienus, at the head of the Republican party, were in arms against Caesar, and Cicero, Marcellus, and other eminent men on the same side had gone into retirement or exile.
In 1743, the Kingdom of Sardinia was united with Piedmont (North-West Italy), forming a modern Italian foundations of the future state, and after the peace of Campo-Formio (1797) (Procacci, 1975: 254), Napoleon Bonaparte will draw the Cisalpine
Republic and the Republic of Liguria, Austria recognizing the new geopolitical reality within the Peace Treaty of Luneville (1801) (Salvatorelli, 1939: 514).
In 387 BC he led an army of Cisalpine
Gauls in the attack on Rome and captured most of the city.