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 (sĭth′ər-ə, kĭth′-) also kith·a·ra (kĭth′-)
n. Music
An ancient instrument resembling the lyre.

[Latin, from Greek kitharā.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈsɪθərə) or


(Instruments) a stringed musical instrument of ancient Greece and elsewhere, similar to the lyre and played with a plectrum
[C18: from Greek kithara]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkɪθ ər ə)

also cithara

n., pl. -ras.
a lyrelike musical instrument of ancient Greece having a wooden soundbox.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Greek kithára lyre; compare guitar, zither]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(26) See also Michael Timko, "Wordsworth's 'Ode' and Arnold's 'Dover Beach': Celestial Light and Confused Alarms," Cithara 13 (1973): 59; and Nils Clausson, "Arnold's Coleridgean Conversation Poem: 'Dover Beach' and 'The Eolian Harp,'" PLL 44, no.
En el comentario a las palabras exurge psalterium et cithara del Salmo 107 (v.
In Antiquity and the Middle Ages, poems were written in order to be performed to a broader public; they were typically sung and accompanied by string instruments (a lyre, cithara, or barbitos).
Perhaps the most important, however, is the hymnal Cithara sanctorum, whose first edition from 1636 included the lyrics and melodies for 416 songs.
Apollo appeared playing the cithara already in Homer's Iliad, 1,
O braco da viola era curto e largo, "a viola de mao era o mesmo que a cithara ou guitarra, congenere do alaude (...) afinadas em quinta.
* <ch>, <ph>, <th> always [k], [p], [t]--pulcher, phalanx, cithara
These instruments will include, of course, the lyre (chelys and barbitos types), the phorminx, the cithara, the sambuca and the bendir.
Sannio's response when Aeschinus physically abducts a cithara player (psaltria, 198-201) in Terence's The Brothers 155-95.
To the left, the National Museum's cue card explains, Apollo holds a cithera ("cithara" or "kithara") the lyre-like instrument frequently captured in Greco-Roman art.
(5) A forthcoming study by Max Lejbowicz argues that Bertrada is the queen before whom Adelard of Bath reports that he played the cithara, very likely at Tours, soon after Philips death on 29/30 July 1108.