civil law


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Related to civil law: Tort law

civil law

n.
1.
a. The body of law of a state or nation governing the behavior of individuals and corporations.
b. The law determining private rights and liabilities, as opposed to criminal law and other public law.
2. The law of ancient Rome as embodied in the Justinian code, especially that which applied to private citizens.
3. A system of law having its origin in Roman law, as opposed to common law or canon law.

civil law

n
1. (Law) the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
2. (Law) the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
3. (Law) any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
4. (Law) the law of a state as distinguished from international law

civ′il law′


n.
1. the body of laws regulating private matters, as distinct from criminal, political, or military matters.
2. the body of law proper to ancient Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations.
3. any of the systems of law derived from or influenced by Roman law and distinct from common law and canon law.
[1375–1425]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civil law - the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
common law, precedent, case law - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
legislation, statute law - law enacted by a legislative body
complaint - (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
accession - (civil law) the right to all of that which your property produces whether by growth or improvement
international law, law of nations - the body of laws governing relations between nations
2.civil law - the legal code of ancient Romecivil law - the legal code of ancient Rome; codified under Justinian; the basis for many modern systems of civil law
addiction - (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; "under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"
legal code - a code of laws adopted by a state or nation; "a code of laws"
novate - replace with something new, especially an old obligation by a new one
stipulate - make an oral contract or agreement in the verbal form of question and answer that is necessary to give it legal force
Translations
občanské právo
kontinentaleuropäischer RechtskreisPrivatrechtZivilrecht
civila kodo
derecho civilderecho continental
säädösoikeus
code civildroit civil
המשפט הקונטיננטלימשפט אזרחי
građansko pravo
大陸法
civiline teisekontinentinė teisė
burgerlijk Wetboek
privatrecht
prawo cywilne
civil lawdireito civildireito romano-germânico
civilno pravo
civilrätt

civil law

ncodice m civile; (study) → diritto civile
References in classic literature ?
He rendered clear and familiar to himself that vast and tumultuous period of civil law and canon law in conflict and at strife with each other, in the chaos of the Middle Ages,--a period which Bishop Theodore opens in 618, and which Pope Gregory closes in 1227.
The hatred of the Portas and the Piombos and their terrible passions were inscribed on this page of the civil law as the annals of a people (contained, it may be, in one word only,--Napoleon, Robespierre) are engraved on a tombstone.
Consider the whole machinery of the civil law made necessary by these processes; the libraries of ponderous tomes, the courts and juries to interpret them, the lawyers studying to circumvent them, the pettifogging and chicanery, the hatreds and lies
Chairing the meeting, Ashraf Gujjar said that the committee would draft a bill including amended proposals in the Civil Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution Act to speed up justice and would submit it to the Parliament for approval.
Iran's law makers as laws about marriage and divorce is based on Imamiye Shia laws have to act based on this frame work and define divorce based on civil law and other law related to family.
In particular, this Comment points out that courts in civil law countries in different regions around the world now accept amicus briefs.
In order to marry under civil law, couples will be obliged to remove their religious affiliation from their identity cards.
These are attempts, based on a particular interpretation of natural law, to impose official Catholic teaching upon civil law in the rest of the country.
They were joined by speakers from the Qatar, the UK, US, Canada, Egypt, Germany and France for a series of panel presentations on topics including a study on civil law, common law and Islamic law; and comparative perspectives on, separately, constitutional law, criminal law and business law.
The British granted the Quebecois the right to use their traditional system of civil law while imposing common law in fields in which they wished for the law to be uniform, such as criminal law.
1997) to look at differences in investor protections between common law and civil law countries.
Minister Alan Shatter said "The Civil Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2011 contains many important provisions on a very wide range of measures across the civil law area.