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a cladogram of the hominoids, showing that chimpanzees and gorillas are more closely rleated to humans than are orangutans and gibbons


 (klăd′ə-grăm′, klā′də-)
A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent individual species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and to show points at which various species are presumed to have diverged from common ancestral forms.

[Greek klados, branch + -gram.]


(Biology) biology a treelike diagram illustrating the development of a clade. See clade
[C20: from clade + -o- + -gram]


(ˈklæd əˌgræm, ˈkleɪ də-)

a branching diagram depicting, in the order in which new features evolved, the successive points of divergence of clades from their common ancestors.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cladogram - a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships
tree diagram, tree - a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree"
References in periodicals archive ?
The cladogram is based on nonredundant single-nucleotide polymorphism loci identified in the genome of all isolates relative to the S.
I constructed a cladogram to investigate macroevolutionary patterns of their pigmentation and biogeography.
The once-stately brontosaurus had been removed from the cladogram because of a mistake by O.
1: Cladogram tree of the superbug's plasmids Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Enterobacter).
Inset shows a cladogram congruent with the central Texas Eurycea clades recovered in the phylogenetic analysis (Fig.
The structure and predominant bacteria of microbiota in control and LDC male mice (week 8) was represented in a cladogram (Figure 5A).
A cladogram representation of the microbiota structure of the two groups and their predominant bacteria was performed by LEfSe [Figure 3], showing significantly higher level of Blautia in T1DM group, whereas the levels of Haemophilus , Lachnospira , Intestinimonas , Dialister , Micrococcales , Pasteurellaceae , and Caulobacterales were remarkable lower than those in control group.
Figure 1 a can be represented as a cladogram to recognise relationships, based on shared homologies of climate and parent material, by the branching of taxa (Fig.
The vicariance area cladogram reveals the relative timing that barriers formed between areas: areas closer together on the tree were more recently separated from each other than from areas farther away (Rode & Lieberman 2005).
Table 1 Character table for characters scored on taxa, and reconstructed on the cladogram of Figure
Other groups, which have launched hypotheses of relationship, either with or without explicit cladograms are: discoidalis (Lynch 1989) (with explicit cladogram), using external and cranial characters, and sulcatus (Lynch 1997) (with explicit cladogram), finding for these relationships nine characters from the skull.
In a second analytical step, an external area zero was added to the species presence-absence matrix to codify for rooting the cladogram (Rosen & Smith, 1998; Morrone, 2004; Fuentealba et al.