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a cladogram of the hominoids, showing that chimpanzees and gorillas are more closely rleated to humans than are orangutans and gibbons


 (klăd′ə-grăm′, klā′də-)
A branching, treelike diagram in which the endpoints of the branches represent individual species of organisms. It is used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships and to show points at which various species are presumed to have diverged from common ancestral forms.

[Greek klados, branch + -gram.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biology) biology a treelike diagram illustrating the development of a clade. See clade
[C20: from clade + -o- + -gram]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈklæd əˌgræm, ˈkleɪ də-)

a branching diagram depicting, in the order in which new features evolved, the successive points of divergence of clades from their common ancestors.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cladogram - a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships
tree diagram, tree - a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
3 Distribution of branching types in the palm family (Arecaceae) on a sub-family level cladogram (a key to branching types; b sub-family cladogram)
Mosqueta, and 'The waste picker' by Manoel de Barros); pictures, three panels with curiosities, tactile biscuit models (dengue-mosquitto--Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1672), a lady bug and a fly's head), four insects in laid in resin (jequitiranaboia--Fulgora laternaria (Linnaeus, 1758), two beetles and a mamangava bee (Bombus sp)), a Madagascar cockroach terrarium (Gromphadorhina portentosa (Schaum, 1853)), microscopes for legs and wings observation, a screen with a video display, five insetaria, cladogram on the evolution of the Insecta Class and chandeliers with replication (Figure 1).
Having done that, the next step was to establish the phylogenetic relations among the species of Ciconia, using characters of the cranial osteology, of the mentioned group ("in group") and of the taxons mentioned above ("out group"), trying to express the family relationships by using shared derivative characters among their members in the form of a cladogram (sensu WILEY et al., 1991).
A cladogram (resp., an ordered cladogram) on a set of taxa [SIGMA] is a tree (resp., an ordered tree) with its leaves bijectively labeled in [SIGMA].
The cladogram is based on nonredundant single-nucleotide polymorphism loci identified in the genome of all isolates relative to the S.
I constructed a cladogram to investigate macroevolutionary patterns of their pigmentation and biogeography.
The once-stately brontosaurus had been removed from the cladogram because of a mistake by O.C.
1: Cladogram tree of the superbug's plasmids Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and Enterobacter).