These regional differences in the forces of production led to conflict over the class structure
of territories conquered from Mexico and, ultimately, the Civil War, which secured the dominance of capitalist agriculture and industry in the northern and western United States and created new, non-capitalist relations in the South.
They treat various standard themes of social history such as social mobility, class structure
, industrialization, social unrest, social inequality, women, the origins of nationalism from the middle ages until the present and cover mainly France, England, and the US.
It covers the class structure
of the British army, the backgrounds of common soldiers and their treatment, and class and officers, including their involvement in trading, the aristocracy, paternalism, and the prevailing amateur officer tradition, as well as non-commissioned officers and their progress into the officer class, the troops of the militia, the East India Company, and overseas military adventurers, and whether men preferred to be led by gentlemen or if they were critical of officers.
Drawing on the New Labour Party's theme of aspiration in this study with implications for class structure
and housing changes in other British cities, Butler and Hamnett, professors of geography at King's College London, survey how this process has played out as less skilled minorities from Asia and Africa have aspired to attain education for their children and upward class mobility.
As this differentiated and thoughtful study shows, marxist views of the underlying class structure
as rigid and of the labouring classes as victims of economic forces do not go far enough to explain how this state came into being.
The study sheds light on the Hispanic influence on Southern race relations, class structure
and social leapfrogging, and policy implications of anti-immigrant sentiment in the area.
Though it clearly animated and has continued to animate discussions of class structure
and political strategy from the 1950s to the 1980s, the historical context of working class structure
, outlook and identity in Britain during the 1950s remains under-examined.
It examines what led up to the crisis, detailing the postwar years in England as a period when education expanded, schools became less selective, and further and higher education opportunities increased, and how changes occurred with the shifts in the economy; how current increases in the level of qualifications are not being met by increases in employment opportunities, as more graduates are overqualified but underemployed in low-skilled, low-paid jobs at the expense of managerial and professional high-paid ones; the transformation of class structure
that occurred from these changes in employment; how schooling focuses on maintaining social order and substituting for wage incentives in the absence of work; and progressive policy responses.
Targeted towards new educators teaching students in elementary, middle, and high schools, the guide covers creating a positive tone, using praise, establishing discipline, enlisting parent support, class structure
, optimizing feedback, utilizing resources outside the classroom, and special circumstances such as supporting students with learning disabilities.
His topics are the agro-industrial roots of the US capitalist transition through state capacity building 1830-70; the end of slavery and the southern agricultural class structure
; agrarian populism: the rise and fall of populism; state institutional capacity building of the US Department of Agriculture research complex; the New Deal and agricultural state institutions capacity building; and sowing the seeds of globalization: post-war food aid, trade, and the agricultural roots of US hegemony.
The work synthesizes US sociological research from 1920 to 1976 and argues that several major trends in politics, class structure
, and military organization have contributed to a societal loss of social control, or ability to self-regulate.