classical conditioning

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Related to classical conditioning: operant conditioning

classical conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response.

classical conditioning

(Psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first. See also conditioned response


(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.classical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflexclassical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
References in periodicals archive ?
2001), and Tonneau (2001, 2002) have debated the significance of classical conditioning models, and particularly of findings from backward conditioning studies as support (or not) for an S-S account of derived relations.
Classical conditioning experiments link a neutral stimulus, such as a sound or a picture, to an event, like eating or smoking.
between Pavlovian classical conditioning and Skinnerian operant conditioning.
Operant conditioning (which we will look at shortly) teaches you to kill, but classical conditioning is a subtle but powerful mechanism that teaches you to like it.
This is not a point about classical conditioning, but about ownership structures.
The ACM is being trained with a stimulus-reward learning process, based on classical conditioning rules.
In all of the studies, the CS was presented for rather longer periods of time (around 2 s) compared to those CS durations more typically employed in classical conditioning studies (typically around 1 s; Clark & Squire, 1999; Kimble, 1961; Weidemann, Tangen, Lovibond, & Mitchell, 2009).
Dr Saliha Afridi, a Dubai-based clinical psychologist said: "This is a simple, classical conditioning method where a person who gets an external reward is motivated to take the right step and positive behaviour is reinforced.
The device was named after Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, famous for his 1918 work in classical conditioning.
It also contains a scale of different types of aggression and new appendices on social learning theory, classical conditioning, and operant conditioning.
You can use desensitising and classical conditioning techniques to teach the dog to love it when people come close to the thing they are guarding.
Remember Pavlov's drooling dogs and classical conditioning from Psych 101?

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