clathrate


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Related to clathrate: Clathrate hydrate, Methane clathrate

clath·rate

 (klăth′rāt′)
adj.
1. Biology Having a latticelike structure or appearance: clathrate scales.
2. Chemistry Of or relating to inclusion complexes in which molecules of one substance are completely enclosed within the crystal structure of another.
n. Chemistry
A clathrate compound, such as methane hydrate.

[Latin clāthrātus, past participle of clāthrāre, to furnish with a lattice, from clāthrī, clātra, lattice, from Greek klēithra, pl. of klēithron, door bar, from kleiein, to close.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

clathrate

(ˈklæθreɪt)
adj
resembling a net or lattice
n
(Chemistry) chem a solid compound in which molecules of one substance are physically trapped in the crystal lattice of another
[C17: from Latin clāthrāre to provide with a lattice, from Greek klēthra, from klaithron a bar]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

clath•rate

(ˈklæθ reɪt)

adj.
1. Biol. resembling a lattice; divided or marked like latticework.
n.
2. a substance in which a molecule of one compound fills a cavity within the crystal lattice of another compound.
[1615–25; < Latin clāt(h)rātus, past participle of clāt(h)rāre to fit with bars <clāt(h)ra bars, lattice < Greek klêithron bar < kleíein to close]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.clathrate - having a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows
phytology, botany - the branch of biology that studies plants
reticular, reticulate - resembling or forming a network; "the reticulate veins of a leaf"; "a reticulated highway system"
2.clathrate - designating or relating to a compound in which one component is physically enclosed within the crystal structure of another
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
enclosed - closed in or surrounded or included within; "an enclosed porch"; "an enclosed yard"; "the enclosed check is to cover shipping and handling"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
clathrate
References in periodicals archive ?
Koh, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 3rd edition, 2008.
Fifteen years have elapsed since the predecessor to this reference was published in 1996; Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry "summarized all of the major systems studied in fields based in supramolecular chemistry since its inception in clathrate chemistry in the early nineteenth century and cation receptor chemistry in the mid-1960s" (from the preface).
A second model postulates that Jupiter formed near its current orbit and was bombarded with icy planetesimals rich in ice-like solid materials known as clathrate hydrates, which are common in the outer solar system.
The 89th edition continues the format of the past, with new tables added for atomic radii, composition and properties of common oils and fats, global warming potential of greenhouse gases, weather-related scales, energy content of fuels, properties of gas clathrate hydrates, melting curve of mercury, enthalpy of hydration of gases, and electrical resistivity of graphite materials.
At these depths, because of the high pressure and low temperatures, C[O.sub.2] exists in the form of a clathrate hydrate, an ice-like combination of C[O.sub.2] and water (Brewer et al., 2000).
Hispagel Oil is vegetally-derived glycerin incorporated into a polymeric clathrate structure, a novel structure which accounts for its superb skin feel and enhanced humectancy.
According to calculations, gas molecules should reside in crystal cages of ice, forming a structure called a clathrate. Some of these may create a slushy zone floating at the top of the lake, while others could sink to the floor.
It is surmised that this other phase, which melts at temperatures greater than 0 [degrees] C, is the C[O.sub.2] clathrate compound (hydrated C[O.sub.2]: C[O.sub.2] [center dot] 5.75[H.sub.2]O), indicating the presence of a significant amount of C[O.sub.2] gas (1-2 mole% C[O.sub.2]?) within the inclusions.
The clathrate melting temperature is 3.3-6.7[degrees]C, and the salinities range from 2.96 to 8.82 wt.% NaCl eq.
MH has a clathrate structure: water molecules form linked cages that enclose individual molecules of low molecular weight gas (e.g., C[H.sub.4], C[O.sub.2], [H.sub.2]S, and [C.sub.2][H.sub.6]).
Clathrate hydrates (or gas hydrates) are crystalline water-based solids physically resembling ice, in which small non-polar molecules (typically gases) or polar molecules with large hydrophobic moieties are trapped inside 'cages' of hydrogen bonded water molecules.