claustrum


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Related to claustrum: caudate nucleus, insula, internal capsule

claus·trum

 (klô′strəm, klou′-)
n. pl. claus·tra (-trə)
Any of several anatomical structures resembling a barrier, especially the thin vertical layer of gray matter of the brain that lies close to the outer portion of the lentiform nucleus, from which it is separated by the external capsule.

[New Latin, from Latin, bar, barrier, enclosed place; see cloister.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

claustrum

(ˈklɔːstrəm)
n
(Anatomy) a thin layer of grey matter in the brain
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.claustrum - a layer of grey matter in the brain adjacent to the lenticular nucleus
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
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References in periodicals archive ?
Electrical stimulation of the face patches can activate the amygdala, claustrum, and pulvinar, (31) suggesting that these subcortical structures may also play a role in face processing.
We observed reduced CT bilaterally in portions of the visual cortex (BA17 and BA18), insula (BA13), supramarginal gyrus (BA40), left superior (BA41) and middle (BA21) temporal gyri, right parahippocampus (BA35), right posterior cingulate cortex (BA31), and the claustrum (Figure 6, Table 6).
The claustrum: An investigation of claustrophobic phenomena.
Las fibras <<U>> no presentaron alteracion, otras areas del encefalo comunmente afectadas en esta patologia como es el cuerpo calloso, ramas posteriores de la capsula interna, tractos piramidales, claustrum, talamo y cerebelo se mostraron respetados, las lesiones no mostraron realce posterior al gadolinio.
opioid receptors, whose effects seem to be related to its activity at the claustrum level (Stiefel, Merrifield & Holcombe, 2014).
In relation to genes that code for receptors, there is medium expression of the HTR1A gene in the frontal lobe, and high expression in the insula, cingulate gyrus, claustrum and hippocampal formation in donors.
According to fMRI analysis, the activation induced by HT7 stimulation was observed on the bilateral postcentral gyrus, inferior parietal lobule, inferior frontal gyrus, claustrum, insula, and anterior lobe of the cerebellum, as well as on the left posterior lobe of the cerebellum.
Parahippocampal gyrus 37 R Culmen, anterior cerebellum R Fusiform gyrus 37 R Middle frontal gyrus 46 R Claustrum R Middle frontal gyrus 32 L Inferior occipital gyrus 19 R Parahippocampal gyrus 36 L Parahippocampal gyrus 37 L Inferior frontal gyrus 9 L Middle frontal gyrus 6 R Insula 13 L Inferior frontal gyrus 9 R Precuneus 7 R Parahippocampal gyrus 27 R Amygdala R Inferior occipital gyrus 19 L Middle occipital gyrus 18 L Lingual gyrus 18 R Lingual gyrus 18 L Inferior occipital gyrus 18 R Anterior cingulate cortex 32 L Anterior cingulate cortex R Parahippocampal gyrus 27 L Precentral gyrus 4 L Amygdala L Amygdala L Table 2: Comparative analysis of the six reviewed models.
Major sites of Cu accumulation are known to be the globus pallidus, putamen, claustrum, pons, vermis, dentate nucleus, thalamus, mesencephalon, and especially the locus coeruleus (50,51,52).
While the NFTs arise first in the locus coeruleus, entorhinal cortex and limbic brain areas such as the subiculum of the hippocampal formation, the amygdala, thalamus, and claustrum, and then spread to interconnected neocortical regions (18,24).