clay mineral


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Related to clay mineral: Smectite

clay mineral

n.
Any of various hydrous silicates that have a fine crystalline structure and are components of clay.

clay mineral

n
(Minerals) any of a group of minerals consisting of hydrated aluminium silicates: the major constituents of clays

clay′ min`eral


n.
any of a group of hydrous aluminum silicate minerals, as kaolinite, illite, and montmorillonite, that constitute the major portion of most clays.
[1945–50]
References in periodicals archive ?
Relative content of minerals, % Clay mineral K I/S I Ch Kaolinite Andreattite Illite Chlorite 11-1 14 16 4 11-16 3 13 18 4 11-24 2 12 15 4 11-44 2 17 18 4 11-56 1 12 19 4 11-93 4 16 15 5 Average 2 14 17 4 37 Sample No.
Bentonite is a highly colloidal clay mineral which contains a various minerals such as feldspar, quartz, gypsum and calcite.
Mixtures of clay minerals and silica gel (using ratios of clay mineral to silica gel of 9: 1 and 1:1) were used to test whether the extraction behaviour of the compounds in mixtures differs from that of the pure compounds.
He also recognized that fluid systems which are designed by that particles to prevent formation damage should involve not only Clay mineral but also ability to face other mineral materials problems and also non mineral materials.
This relationship suggests that facies composition and K-availability factors rather than thermal history may have played a leading role in determining clay mineral characteristics.
The quarry is associated with clay mineral extraction used for the manufacture of clayware products.
Chlorite is a 2:1 clay that is often found in soil and is the dominant clay mineral in the inceptisols of the Double N Farm in New Jersey.
That suggests the Earth and Martian rocks contained the same clay mineral called smectite, which is the principle component of bentonite and can only be formed in water, Brown said.
Smectite (56%) appeared to be the predominant clay mineral according to X-ray diffraction (Figure 1), whereas kaolinite (34%) and illite (3%) appeared in lower proportions.
CEC determinations yield numbers that are valuable in the evaluating the capacity of the soil to retain cation, its clay mineral composition, and general chemical reactivity [9].
Feng X J, Simpson AJ, Simpson MJ (2005) Chemical and mineralogical controls on humic acid sorption to clay mineral surfaces.