clerk(redirected from clerkesses)
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1. A person who works in an office performing such tasks as keeping records, attending to correspondence, or filing.
a. A person who keeps the records and performs the regular business of a court, legislative body, or municipal district.
b. Law A law clerk, as for a judge.
3. A person who works at a sales counter or service desk, as at a store or hotel.
4. A cleric.
5. Archaic A scholar.
intr.v. clerked, clerk·ing, clerks
To work or serve as a clerk: clerked in a store; clerks for a judge.
[Middle English, clergyman, secretary, from Old English clerc and Old French clerc, clergyman, both from Late Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos, belonging to the clergy, from klēros, inheritance, lot.]
Word History: The pronunciation of the word clerk in Middle English and early modern English was something like (klĕrk), with the (ĕ) vowel found in the standard American pronunciation of words like bed, cleft, deck, and men, but used before (r). This pronunciation of er before a consonant as (ĕr), inherited from Middle English, can still be heard in the traditional speech of some parts of Scotland and Ireland today. But the sound combination (ĕr) is no longer found in the standard American pronunciation of words like clerk. During the history of the dialects of Britain that are ancestral to American dialects, probably around the end of the 16th century, Middle English (ĕr) usually became (ûr), as in the American pronunciation of jerk, pert, and clerk itself. In the case of clerk, however, an alternative pronunciation (klärk)—or perhaps more like (klărk), with the vowel (ă) of cat—arose in the south of England, apparently in the 15th century. It was spelled both clark and clerk. Because the word clerk was pronounced with (är) rather than (ĕr) in the south of England, the vowels in the word did not become (ûr). Later, when people began to "drop their r's" in the dialects of southern England during the 18th century, clerk came to be pronounced (kläk), with a long vowel (ä), as it is still pronounced in the Received Pronunciation of clerk in the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, the American colonies and early United States were being populated by immigrants speaking dialects in which the historical change of (klĕrk) to (klärk) had not occurred, and the standard modern American pronunciation of the word became (klûrk). The other pronunciation (klärk) is used in the United States only in the proper name Clark. Similar changes of (ĕ) to (ä) before (r), occurring at various points in the history of Middle and Early Modern English, have given rise to parson (beside person), varsity (beside university), and even varmint (beside vermin).
clerk(klɑːk; US Canadian klɜːrk)
1. a worker, esp in an office, who keeps records, files, etc
2. (Law) clerk to the justices (in England) a legally qualified person who sits in court with lay justices to advise them on points of law
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an employee of a court, legislature, board, corporation, etc, who keeps records and accounts, etc: a town clerk.
4. (Parliamentary Procedure) Also called: clerk of the House (in the UK) a senior official of the House of Commons
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Also called: clerk in holy orders a cleric
6. (Commerce) US and Canadian short for salesclerk
7. Also called: desk clerk US and Canadian a hotel receptionist
8. (Historical Terms) archaic a scholar
(intr) to serve as a clerk
[Old English clerc, from Church Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos cleric, relating to the heritage (alluding to the Biblical Levites, whose inheritance was the Lord), from klēros heritage]
clerk(klɜrk; Brit. klɑrk)
1. a person employed to keep records, file, type, or do other general office tasks.
2. a salesclerk.
3. a person who keeps the records and performs the routine business of a court, legislature, etc.
4. a cleric; ecclesiastic.
5. Archaic. a scholar.v.i.
6. to act or serve as a clerk.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English clerc, variant of cleric < Late Latin clēricus cleric]
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||clerk - an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)|
employee - a worker who is hired to perform a job
paper-pusher - a clerk or bureaucrat who does paperwork
settler - a clerk in a betting shop who calculates the winnings
shipping clerk - an employee who ships and receives goods
sorter - a clerk who sorts things (as letters at the post office)
tally clerk, tallyman - one who keeps a tally of quantity or weight of goods produced or shipped or received
timekeeper - a clerk who keeps track of the hours worked by employees
|2.||clerk - a salesperson in a store |
sales rep, sales representative, salesperson - a person employed to represent a business and to sell its merchandise (as to customers in a store or to customers who are visited)
shop boy - a young male shop assistant
shop girl - a young female shop assistant
|Verb||1.||clerk - work as a clerk, as in the legal business|
work - exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity; "I will work hard to improve my grades"; "she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"
بائِعٌ في مَخْزَنكاتِب حِساباتكاتِب، مُوَظَّف مَكْتَبمُسَاعِدُ الـمَبِيعات
người bán hàng
clerk[klɑːk, (ʊS) klɜːk]
1. (Comm) → oficinista mf, empleado/a m/f; (in civil service) → funcionario/a m/f; (in bank) → empleado/a m/f; (in hotel) → recepcionista mf (Jur) → escribano m
see also town B
see also town B
2. (US) (= shop assistant) → dependiente/a m/f, vendedor(a) m/f
3. (Rel) (archaic) → clérigo m
C. CPD clerk of works N (Brit) (Constr) → maestro/a m/f de obras
clerk(klaːk) , ((American) klə:k) noun
1. a person who deals with letters, accounts etc in an office. klerk كاتِب، مُوَظَّف مَكْتَب писар funcionário úředník der/die Sekretär(in) kontorassistent; sekretær γραφέας, υπάλληλος γραφείου oficinista kontoriametnik منشی toimistovirkailija employé/-ée (de bureau) פקיד, פקידה क्लर्क činovnik, knjigovođa irodai dolgozó juru tulis skrifstofumaður, ritari impiegato; contabile 事務員 사무원 raštvedys, klerkas sekretārs; kantora darbinieks kerani kantoorbediendekontorist, kontorfunksjonær, sekretærurzędnik منشی amanuense funcţionar клерк úradník tajnik, uradnik činovnik kontorist, bokhållare เสมียน kâtip 辦事員，文書 клерк; конторський службовець دفتر میں کام کرنے والا بابو thư ký 办事员，文书
2. a public official in charge of the business affairs of the town council etc. the town clerk. klerk كاتِب حِسابات чиновник funcionário obecní rada/tajemník der/die Leiter(in) rådmand γραμματέαςsecretario sekretär مسئول شورای شهر notaari secrétaire de municipalité מזכיר मुंशी gradski tajnik tisztviselő pegawai kota praja bæjarritari segretario comunale 事務官 서기 valdininkas ierēdnis setiausaha secretarisrådmannurzędnik د شهری شورا مسول funcionário secretar секретарь tajomník tajnik službenik tjänsteman เจ้าหน้าที่ด้านธุรกิจสัมพันธ์ tahrirat kâtibi veya evrak müdürü (市政廳等的)書記員 чиновник, секретар شہری کونسل کے معاملات کی دیکھ بھال کرنے والا người đảm trách sổ sách 书记员
3. (American) a shop-assistant. winkelbediende بائِعٌ في مَخْزَن продавач balconista příručí der/die Verkäufer(in) ekspedient πωλητήςdependiente müüja فروشنده vastaanottovirkailija vendeur/-euse מוכר सहायक prodavač eladó pelayan toko afgreiðslumaður commesso 店員 점원 pardavėjas pārdevējs pembantu kedai winkelbediendeekspeditør, selgersprzedawca خرڅونکی balconista vânzător продавец pomocník prodajalec prodavac butiksbiträde, expedit ผู้ช่วยประจำร้าน tezgâhtar, satıcı (美語)店員 продавець, продавщиця نائب دوکان دار người bán hàng 店员