clerk

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clerk

 (klûrk)
n.
1. A person who works in an office performing such tasks as keeping records, attending to correspondence, or filing.
2.
a. A person who keeps the records and performs the regular business of a court, legislative body, or municipal district.
b. Law A law clerk, as for a judge.
3. A person who works at a sales counter or service desk, as at a store or hotel.
4. A cleric.
5. Archaic A scholar.
intr.v. clerked, clerk·ing, clerks
To work or serve as a clerk: clerked in a store; clerks for a judge.

[Middle English, clergyman, secretary, from Old English clerc and Old French clerc, clergyman, both from Late Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos, belonging to the clergy, from klēros, inheritance, lot.]

clerk′dom n.
clerk′ship′ n.
Word History: The pronunciation of the word clerk in Middle English and early modern English was something like (klĕrk), with the (ĕ) vowel found in the standard American pronunciation of words like bed, cleft, deck, and men, but used before (r). This pronunciation of er before a consonant as (ĕr), inherited from Middle English, can still be heard in the traditional speech of some parts of Scotland and Ireland today. But the sound combination (ĕr) is no longer found in the standard American pronunciation of words like clerk. During the history of the dialects of Britain that are ancestral to American dialects, probably around the end of the 16th century, Middle English (ĕr) usually became (ûr), as in the American pronunciation of jerk, pert, and clerk itself. In the case of clerk, however, an alternative pronunciation (klärk)—or perhaps more like (klărk), with the vowel (ă) of cat—arose in the south of England, apparently in the 15th century. It was spelled both clark and clerk. Because the word clerk was pronounced with (är) rather than (ĕr) in the south of England, the vowels in the word did not become (ûr). Later, when people began to "drop their r's" in the dialects of southern England during the 18th century, clerk came to be pronounced (kläk), with a long vowel (ä), as it is still pronounced in the Received Pronunciation of clerk in the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, the American colonies and early United States were being populated by immigrants speaking dialects in which the historical change of (klĕrk) to (klärk) had not occurred, and the standard modern American pronunciation of the word became (klûrk). The other pronunciation (klärk) is used in the United States only in the proper name Clark. Similar changes of (ĕ) to (ä) before (r), occurring at various points in the history of Middle and Early Modern English, have given rise to parson (beside person), varsity (beside university), and even varmint (beside vermin).

clerk

(klɑːk; US Canadian klɜːrk)
n
1. a worker, esp in an office, who keeps records, files, etc
2. (Law) clerk to the justices (in England) a legally qualified person who sits in court with lay justices to advise them on points of law
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an employee of a court, legislature, board, corporation, etc, who keeps records and accounts, etc: a town clerk.
4. (Parliamentary Procedure) Also called: clerk of the House (in the UK) a senior official of the House of Commons
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Also called: clerk in holy orders a cleric
6. (Commerce) US and Canadian short for salesclerk
7. Also called: desk clerk US and Canadian a hotel receptionist
8. (Historical Terms) archaic a scholar
vb
(intr) to serve as a clerk
[Old English clerc, from Church Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos cleric, relating to the heritage (alluding to the Biblical Levites, whose inheritance was the Lord), from klēros heritage]
ˈclerkdom n
ˈclerkish adj
ˈclerkship n

clerk

(klɜrk; Brit. klɑrk)

n.
1. a person employed to keep records, file, type, or do other general office tasks.
2. a salesclerk.
3. a person who keeps the records and performs the routine business of a court, legislature, etc.
4. a cleric; ecclesiastic.
5. Archaic. a scholar.
v.i.
6. to act or serve as a clerk.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English clerc, variant of cleric < Late Latin clēricus cleric]
clerk′ish, adj.
clerk′ship, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clerk - an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)clerk - an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)
desk clerk, hotel clerk, hotel desk clerk - a hotel receptionist
employee - a worker who is hired to perform a job
file clerk, filing clerk, filer - a clerk who is employed to maintain the files of an organization
paper-pusher - a clerk or bureaucrat who does paperwork
pencil pusher, penpusher - a clerk who does boring paperwork
mapper, plotter - a clerk who marks data on a chart
mail clerk, postal clerk - a clerk in a post office
settler - a clerk in a betting shop who calculates the winnings
shipping clerk - an employee who ships and receives goods
sorter - a clerk who sorts things (as letters at the post office)
tally clerk, tallyman - one who keeps a tally of quantity or weight of goods produced or shipped or received
timekeeper - a clerk who keeps track of the hours worked by employees
2.clerk - a salesperson in a storeclerk - a salesperson in a store    
sales rep, sales representative, salesperson - a person employed to represent a business and to sell its merchandise (as to customers in a store or to customers who are visited)
shop boy - a young male shop assistant
shop girl - a young female shop assistant
Verb1.clerk - work as a clerk, as in the legal business
work - exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity; "I will work hard to improve my grades"; "she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"

clerk

noun
2. A person ordained for service in a Christian church:
Informal: reverend.
Translations
بائِعٌ في مَخْزَنكاتِب حِساباتكاتِب، مُوَظَّف مَكْتَبمُسَاعِدُ الـمَبِيعات
obecní rada/tajemníkpříručíprodavačúředník
ekspedientkontorassistentrådmandsekretær
myyntiapulainen
prodavač
irodai dolgozó
afgreiîslumaîurbæjarritariskrifstofumaîur, ritari
販売スタッフ
판매원
klerkasraštvedysvaldininkas
ierēdniskantora darbiniekspārdevējssekretārs
prodajalecuradnik
expedit
พนักงานขาย
kâtipsatıcıtahrirat kâtibi veya evrak müdürütezgahtartezgâhtar
người bán hàng

clerk

[klɑːk, (ʊS) klɜːk]
A. N
1. (Comm) → oficinista mf, empleado/a m/f; (in civil service) → funcionario/a m/f; (in bank) → empleado/a m/f; (in hotel) → recepcionista mf (Jur) → escribano m
see also town B
2. (US) (= shop assistant) → dependiente/a m/f, vendedor(a) m/f
3. (Rel) (archaic) → clérigo m
B. VI (US) → trabajar como dependiente
C. CPD clerk of works N (Brit) (Constr) → maestro/a m/f de obras

clerk

[ˈklɑːrk] n
(British) (= office worker) → employé(e) m/f de bureau
[ˈklɜːrk] (US) (= salesperson) → vendeur/euse m/fClerk of Court ngreffier m (du tribunal)

clerk

[, (US)]
n
(Büro)angestellte(r) mf
(= secretary)Schriftführer(in) m(f); Clerk of the Court (Brit Jur) → Protokollführer(in) m(f); clerk of works (Brit) → Bauleiter(in) m(f)
(US: = shop assistant) → Verkäufer(in) m(f)
(US, in hotel) → Hotelsekretär(in) m(f)

clerk

[klɑːk, ɒm klɜːk] n (in office, bank) → impiegato/a (Am) (shop assistant) → commesso/a; (in hotel) → impiegato/a della reception
Clerk of the Court (Law) → cancelliere m

clerk

(klaːk) , ((American) klə:k) noun
1. a person who deals with letters, accounts etc in an office.
2. a public official in charge of the business affairs of the town council etc. the town clerk.
3. (American) a shop-assistant.

clerk

مُسَاعِدُ الـمَبِيعات prodavač ekspedient Verkäufer βοηθός πωλήσεων dependiente, vendedor myyntiapulainen vendeur prodavač commesso 販売スタッフ 판매원 verkoopassistent salgsassistent sprzedawca assistente de vendas продавец expedit พนักงานขาย tezgahtar người bán hàng 售货员
References in classic literature ?
My father had got one of those legislative clerkships which used to fall sometimes to deserving country editors when their party was in power, and we together imagined and carried out a scheme for corresponding with some city newspapers.
It was his idea that I was at a loose end, and that he would do me a good turn by offering me a clerkship in a drygoods store.
Once during my clerkship I had an invitation to Crimsworth Hall; it was on the occasion of a large party given in honour of the master's birthday; he had always been accustomed to invite his clerks on similar anniversaries, and could not well pass me over; I was, however, kept strictly in the background.
Having, as it were, taken formal possession of his clerkship in virtue of these proceedings, he opened the window and leaned negligently out of it until a beer-boy happened to pass, whom he commanded to set down his tray and to serve him with a pint of mild porter, which he drank upon the spot and promptly paid for, with the view of breaking ground for a system of future credit and opening a correspondence tending thereto, without loss of time.
I'd never get beyond a clerkship, and how could you and I be happy on the paltry earnings of a clerk?
He did not care for that sort of thing, he explained, and he thought a clerkship ashore was good enough for him.
That dress shall therefore be stripped from thee, and thou shalt be cast into the outer world without benefit of clerkship, and without lot or part in the graces and blessings of those who dwell under the care of the Blessed Benedict.
They were all guilty, from young Ardmore, a pink cherub of nineteen outward bound for some clerkship in the Consular Service, to old Captain Bentley, grizzled and sea-worn, and as emotional, to look at, as a Chinese joss.
There was, to be sure, one material objection to the clerkship of Benjamin, which the ingenuity of no one but Richard could have overcome.
The old lady liked her, and offered her her living and six hundred francs a year; but Noemie discovered that she passed her life in her arm-chair and had only two visitors, her confessor and her nephew: the confessor very strict, and the nephew a man of fifty, with a broken nose and a government clerkship of two thousand francs.
Snagsby and touches his hat with the chivalry of clerkship to the ladies on the stairs.
Morbid timidity and equally morbid religious introspection, aggravated by disappointments in love, prevented him as a young man from accepting a very comfortable clerkship in the House of Lords and drove him into intermittent insanity, which closed more darkly about him in his later years.