clitic


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clit·ic

 (klĭt′ĭk)
n.
An unstressed word, typically a function word, that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches in pronunciation to a stressed word, with which it forms a single accentual unit. Examples of clitics are the pronoun 'em in I see 'em and the definite article in French l'arme, "the arm."
adj.
Of or relating to a clitic or clisis.

[Greek klitikos, leaning, from klīnein, to lean; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

clit′i·cize (-sĭz′) v.
clit′i·ci·za′tion (-sĭ-zā′shən) n.

clitic

(ˈklɪtɪk)
adj
(Linguistics) (of a word) incapable of being stressed, usually pronounced as if part of the word that follows or precedes it: for example, in French, me, te, and le are clitic pronouns. See also proclitic, enclitic
n
(Linguistics) a clitic word
[C20: back formation from enclitic and proclitic]

clit•ic

(ˈklɪt ɪk)
adj., n.
enclitic or proclitic.
[1945–50; by extraction]
Translations
EnklitikonKlitikon
clitique
References in periodicals archive ?
Clitic incorporation and abstract semantic objects in idiomatic constructions.
Milicevic, Maja (2009) On the status of clitic reflexives and reciprocals in Italian and Serbian.
This project is about a morphological process called "leismo," that consists of a shift from the Spanish accusative clitic (lo, la, los, las) to the Spanish dative clitic (le, les).
First, in contrast to the first question type, these questions make use of a resumptive clitic pronoun that we find in the base position where the wh-phrase may be said to have originated inside the clause.
Not all studies in the literature, however, have found advantages of PI compared to other instructional types; this is the case for Spanish direct object pronouns and the conditional (DeKeyser & Sokalski, 1996), Spanish direct object pronouns (Keating & Farley, 2008; Morgan-Short & Bowden, 2006; Salaberry, 1997), Japanese honorifics (Nagata, 1998), French causative instruction (Allen, 2000), French direct object pronouns (Erlam, 2003), Spanish anticausative clitic se (Toth, 2006), and English present subjunctive (Farley & Aslan, 2012).
In (18) and (19) I give an example of this using the minimal pair /haw/ 'go' and /?aw[??]/ 'say' set in the basic affirmative verb clause, which begins with the affirmative particle /ha[??]/ plus a subject clitic followed by the verb root and a verbal clitic.
An example of the former is the italicized phrase in "Make SWEET some vial, treasure thou some place," and of the latter the italicized phrase in "Within thine OWN bud buriest thy content." Rates of use of these clitic microphrases are especially apt to discriminate between authors.
However, then in the future tense we adjoin14 a modal clitic ba to the P, resulting in an extended P.
4, 862-866; ALBERT BICKFORD, "Spanish clitic doubling and levels of gramatical relations", Lingua, 65 (1985), 189-211; OSVALDO JAEGGLI, "Three issues in the theory of clitics: Case, doubled NPs and extraction", en Syntax and semantics 19: The syntax of pronominal clitics, ed.
The form with stress on the final clitic pronoun (b) is the original Ligurian form and identified by speakers as archaic or 'genuine.' In fact, many speakers report that young people no longer use the latter prosody with imperatives when speaking dialect, supporting Grassi's (1993) assertion that innovations in the dialect (a) are more readily embraced by young people.
However, Demonte (1995) proposed that Spanish dative constructions with dative clitic doubling are equivalent to English DOCs.