(redirected from cliticized)


An unstressed word, typically a function word, that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches in pronunciation to a stressed word, with which it forms a single accentual unit. Examples of clitics are the pronoun 'em in I see 'em and the definite article in French l'arme, "the arm."
Of or relating to a clitic or clisis.

[Greek klitikos, leaning, from klīnein, to lean; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

clit′i·cize (-sĭz′) v.
clit′i·ci·za′tion (-sĭ-zā′shən) n.


(Linguistics) (of a word) incapable of being stressed, usually pronounced as if part of the word that follows or precedes it: for example, in French, me, te, and le are clitic pronouns. See also proclitic, enclitic
(Linguistics) a clitic word
[C20: back formation from enclitic and proclitic]


(ˈklɪt ɪk)
adj., n.
enclitic or proclitic.
[1945–50; by extraction]
References in periodicals archive ?
7) Like with the previous groups of cliticized verbs, the clauses with subject experiencer verbs show characteristics of middle predications: the appropriate semantics, morphological marking and simple event structure:
By contrast, the Nenets and Enets languages have cliticized the inflected copula and the copula has been dropped which has resulted in the verbal-like encoding of nominal predicates.
Note that a bound pronoun representing OBV is externally cliticized to the predicate (marked by a double hyphen -); when, as in this case, both pronouns encode a third person, the OBV pronoun furthermore contains the obviative marker k- (see also (7) and (8) above).
Moreover, cliticized warn't clearly dominates, even though, contrary to what linguists have observed as regards late twentieth century spoken varieties (e.
The embedded 3 of unaccusative predicates can be cliticized in a causative construction, but the 3 of unergatives cannot.
The only full verb is "is," which is then cliticized to its subject in the second couplet.
The latest academical contribution dealing with the clitic me, an unpublished article by Matic and Nikolaeva (2008), is concerned with the cliticized verbs only.
In fact, the enclitic element -mm can also be found cliticized to constituents which are not topics in positions other than sentence-initial (cf.
They can occur in phonologically reduced forms, will/would can even be cliticized ('ll/'d).
We found 30 out of the 243 instances (12%) of Reas marker komo 'because' followed by the Otomi Reas marker ngu, which appears to be cliticized to it, in fact forming one unit.
what was originally two signs, each with its own movement, has become a cliticized form with a single movement.
At one extreme is simple juxtasposition; then there is subordination by means of an independent introductory word, which may be a complementizer or an interrogative word or phrase (whword); then there are synthetic constructions where the complementizer is cliticized to the head of the clause; and finally we find monoclausal relative constructions, where the head is incorporated into the relative clause (internal relativization).