In actuality the 1910 cloakmaker
's strike that involved three times as many workers proved far more significant than the "uprising of the 20,000." The final two chapters cover the tumultuous 1916 transit strikes that sparked endless newspaper reports about striker-induced violence, nearly precipitated a city-wide general strike, and enable Huyssen to prove how capital rules through the power of property and the sway it holds over city hall and the courts.
When in 1910 a massive strike among the Cloakmaker
's Union in New York left tens of thousands without work and cost millions in lost wages, it was Marshall, Silver argues, who formulated "the Protocol of Peace" that brought the strike to an end.
Izzy Fine, a cloakmaker
, was active in the UJPO and the
(118) In the 1910 cloakmakers
' strike, Glazer publicly denounced factory owner Alan J.
Endicott canvasses WUL activities among previously studied furniture workers, chicken pluckers, seamstresses, and cloakmakers
. He also digs deeper.
These were Jewish boys, sons of tailors, cloakmakers
, and un-skilled workers." (35) The earning power of newsboys was especially critical during strikes when their pay often constituted the family's sole income.
Indeed, during the election campaign, a threatened strike of 600 to 700 cloakmakers
, men and women, was narrowly averted only with the active involvement of the Manitoba government.
Kosak points to the cloakmakers
' strike of 1890, when unskilled cutters continued striking, demanding that scab workers be fired, while the more highly paid skilled cutters (disproportionately German-Jewish and Irish) returned to work.
Conceived and initiated in October 1888 as a federation of Jewish unions, the UHT quickly found that it would have to take the lead in creating unions itself or else remain "a mere shell."(5) So in early 1889 the UHT launched an aggressive organizing campaign.(6) Early successes included the Yiddish theater actors, cloakmakers
, man's-tailors, and soda-water makers.