clonal

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clone

 (klōn)
n.
1. A group of cells or organisms that are descended from and genetically identical to a single progenitor, such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell.
2. An organism developed asexually from another and genetically identical to it, such as an animal produced from an egg cell into which the nucleus of an adult individual has been transferred.
3. A DNA sequence, such as a gene, that is transferred from one organism to another and replicated by genetic engineering techniques.
4. One that copies or closely resembles another, as in appearance or function: "filled with business-school clones in gray and blue suits" (Michael M. Thomas).
v. cloned, clon·ing, clones
v.tr.
1. To make multiple identical copies of (a DNA sequence).
2. To create or propagate (an organism) from a clone cell: clone a sheep.
3. To reproduce or propagate asexually: clone a plant variety.
4. To produce a copy of; imitate closely: "The look has been cloned into cliché" (Cathleen McGuigan).
v.intr.
To grow as a clone.

[Greek klōn, twig.]

clon′al (klō′nəl) adj.
clon′al·ly adv.
clon′er n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.clonal - of or relating to a clone
Translations

clonal

[ˈkləʊnəl] ADJclónico
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References in periodicals archive ?
Marmorkrebs is an animal that reproduces clonally and therefore represents a model of a central aspect in tumor development.
8,9) This theory is supported by the lack of benign NETs of the breast and evidence that the neuroendocrine cells are clonally related to malignant epithelial cells.
NKT cells play critical roles in the induction of oral tolerance by inducing regulatory T cells producing IL-10 and transforming growth factor beta, and by clonally deleting antigen-specific T cells.
Such clonally related fields can be much larger than the actual carcinoma.
Factors cbp, fbp, speG, sicG, gfbA, and bca clustered clonally into the phylogeny (Figure 1).
This is followed by proliferation of non-clonal fibroblasts and abnormal shedding of growth factors from clonally expanded megakaryocytes which induces hyperactivity.
Stone and his coinvestigators recently identified these CD4+ cytotoxic T cells as a novel population of clonally expanded T cells with SLAMF7 as a surface marker.
In general, mutation assays measure both unique and clonally expanded mutations; however, the relative contribution of mosaicism to the overall mutation burden is rarely considered in these assays.
While low temperature storage can be an effective means of storing germplasm the ultimate method for long-term storage, and for some plants, such as clonally propagated plants or plants that do not produce viable seeds, the only method for long-term storage in a relatively small space is cryopreservation.
While differing in mathematical detail, all of the methods seek to provide what can be broken down to essentially two types of measurement: immune repertoire diversity, and the presence or abundance of particular clonally expanded B or T cell types.
Activities of imipenem and cephalosporins against clonally related strains of Escherichia coli hyperproducing chromosomal beta-lactamase and showing altered porin profiles.
Tanacetum is a rhizomatous perennial species capable of reproducing clonally, often forming small colonies of individual stems, as well as sexually, generally blooming from late June through August (Choberka et al, 2001).