And Tess won't look pretty in her best cloze
The study applies an Adult College Entrance English Test Paper as the pre-test instrument, which is composed of six parts: reading (40% of the total expected score), cloze
(20% of the total expected score), writing (16.7% of the total expected score), vocabulary (10% of the total expected score), daily conversation (10% of the total expected score), and phonetics (3.3% of the total expected score).
Readability Procedure (Cloze
Procedure) and readability formulas are widely accepted approaches in the literature on measuring the level of text readability and classifying them according to their difficulty levels.
Vocabulary acquisition through cloze
exercises, sentence-writing and composition-writing: Extending the evaluation component of the involvement load hypothesis.
The main tool used to measure English language competence was a C-test, which is based on the principle of cloze
tests and is thought to be a good measure of grammatical and lexical competence that correlates well with other general language competence measures.
Pretests consisted of (a) a multiword expressions cloze
test designed to test knowledge (productive recall) of target multiword expressions (see Appendix C.1 for a screenshot of the Moodle test page and a text version of the multiword expression pre- and postcloze test), and (b) a spoken role-play recording designed to measure productive oral fluency and use of target multiword expressions.
It also includes cloze
and maze activities to develop the semantic cueing system (Paulson & Freeman, 2003) (see below).
For example, cloze
exercises are meant to measure how well students comprehend the reading passage as they required students to recall and produce details of the reading.
This was done as a cloze
exercise followed by class discussion, providing students with an opportunity to develop relevant vocabulary (for example biodiversity and ecosystems) and preparing them to comprehend the video when it was shown.
Tasks consisted of multiple choice questions, cloze
tests, and matching activities (Figure 1).
As students read, the app prompts them to take periodic assessments from right inside a book, including multiple choice questions, shortresponse questions, and cloze
Content reading strategies such as graphic organisers, the three level guide or cloze
exercise are generic, in that they can be applied across subject areas (see Morris & Stewart-Dore, 1984).