Tasks consisted of multiple choice questions, cloze tests
, and matching activities (Figure 1).
The participants answered the Scale of Learning Strategies and also used Cloze tests
at three moments.
These studies have used a variety of measurement protocols, such as vocabulary recognition, multiple choice, matching, cloze tests
(Bakar & Nosratirad, 2013; Berns, Gonzalez-Pardo, & Camacho, 2013; Chen, 2014; Milton, Jonsen, Hirst, & Lindenburn, 2012; Ranalli, 2008), and a Vocabulary Knowledge Scale in which participants self-report on their mastery of a word (Smith et al.
Researchers are divided on the issue of what cloze tests
They came to the conclusion that the relatively high and positive correlations among the scores on the collocation tests, and the scores on the cloze tests
suggest that learners' collocational competence and proficiency level are closely and positively associated.
Although in the literature there are various score ranges for interpreting performance on cloze tests
(see DuBay, 2004), the preferred score ranges for this current study were those used by Kithinji & Kass (2010) in a readability study of IC forms in Kenya.
Table 4 below also shows a summary of errors counts in the multiple-choice and cloze tests
in the three levels.
are advantageous because they assess both productive knowledge of vocabulary and productive and receptive knowledge of the sentence contexts.
Howarth (1998) administered a language test to L2 English learners and found no correlation between scores in the test and knowledge of collocations, whereas Keshavarz and Salimi (2007) found positive correlations between the scores on collocation tests and scores on the cloze tests
, which strongly suggests that learners' collocational competence and proficiency level are positively associated.
Similarly, researchers have also indicated that cloze tests
measure word recognition (Nation & Snowling, 1997), and that there is a stronger link between cloze tests
and decoding, than for multiple-choice tests (Francis et al.
At this moment, the system offers assistance for authoring test items for basic listening comprehension, cloze tests
, incorrect-character identification, sentence reconstruction and usage of measure words.
This website provides a word processor toolbar that can transform any text into dassroom activities, such as crosswords, bingo cards, and cloze tests