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Any of various fishes of the family Clupeidae, which includes the herrings, menhadens, and sardines.

[From New Latin Clupeidae, family name, from Latin clupea, a kind of small fish.]

clu′pe·id adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Animals) any widely distributed soft-finned teleost fish of the family Clupeidae, typically having oily flesh, and including the herrings, sardines, shad, etc
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the family Clupeidae
[C19: from New Latin Clupeidae, from Latin clupea small river fish]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈklu pi ɪd)

any of the Clupeidae, a family of chiefly marine, teleostean fishes, including herrings, sardines, menhaden, and shad.
[1875–80; < New Latin Clupeidae <Clupe(a) a genus (Latin: a small river fish)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clupeid - any of numerous soft-finned schooling food fishes of shallow waters of northern seas
malacopterygian, soft-finned fish - any fish of the superorder Malacopterygii
Clupeidae, family Clupeidae - herrings; shad; sardines; etc.
shad - herring-like food fishes that migrate from the sea to fresh water to spawn
Alosa pseudoharengus, Pomolobus pseudoharengus, alewife - shad-like food fish that runs rivers to spawn; often salted or smoked; sometimes placed in genus Pomolobus
Brevoortia tyrannis, menhaden - shad-like North American marine fishes used for fish meal and oil and fertilizer
Clupea harangus, herring - commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific
sardine - any of various small edible herring or related food fishes frequently canned
Sardina pilchardus, pilchard, sardine - small fishes found in great schools along coasts of Europe; smaller and rounder than herring
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"During a revisionary study of Sardinella, 21 specimens of a clupeid fish from the Philippines were found to be characterized by a unique combination of scales with centrally discontinuous striae, a dark spot on the dorsal-fin origin, and low counts of lateral scales in the longtitudinal and pseudobranchial filaments.
Overall, clupeid larvae were captured in the greatest numbers followed by sciaenids and the category for unidentified larvae.
This bio-physical interaction seems to be species-specific; freshwater runoff in fjords may reduce recent growth rates in larval stages of rockfish Sebastes oculatus and lightfish Maurolicus parvipinnis, but it has no effect in clupeid larvae Sprattus fuegensis (Landaeta & Castro, 2006; Landaeta et al., 2012).
2007 reported a record size (22.5cm TL) of clupeid (Gudusia chapra) from another protected area.
Traps, usually placed at a density of 25-75 per ha, are typically baited 2-6 times per week with low-value clupeid or catastomid fishes, or with commercially formulated crawfish baits.
Ditty J, Houde E, Shaw R (1994) Egg and larval development of spanish sardine, Sardinella aurita (Family Clupeidae), with a synopsis of characters to identify clupeid larvae from the northern Gulf of Mexico.
(191) Until 1989, all species "of fish belonging to a large group of clupeid marine fish sharing the characteristics of young pilchards" could be marketed to the European Community under the term "sardines." (192) However, in 1989, the European Community changed this standard, adopting Council Regulation (EEC) 2136/89 that held that only Sardina pilchardus Walbaum could be labeled as "sardines." (193) Sardina pilchardus Walbaum "happens to be of a species that populates mainly European waters." (194)
The collection of existing information and field investigation of anadromous clupeid spawning in New Jersey.