Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Any of various fishes of the family Clupeidae, which includes the herrings, menhadens, and sardines.

[From New Latin Clupeidae, family name, from Latin clupea, a kind of small fish.]

clu′pe·id adj.


(Animals) any widely distributed soft-finned teleost fish of the family Clupeidae, typically having oily flesh, and including the herrings, sardines, shad, etc
(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the family Clupeidae
[C19: from New Latin Clupeidae, from Latin clupea small river fish]


(ˈklu pi ɪd)

any of the Clupeidae, a family of chiefly marine, teleostean fishes, including herrings, sardines, menhaden, and shad.
[1875–80; < New Latin Clupeidae <Clupe(a) a genus (Latin: a small river fish)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clupeid - any of numerous soft-finned schooling food fishes of shallow waters of northern seas
malacopterygian, soft-finned fish - any fish of the superorder Malacopterygii
Clupeidae, family Clupeidae - herrings; shad; sardines; etc.
shad - herring-like food fishes that migrate from the sea to fresh water to spawn
Alosa pseudoharengus, Pomolobus pseudoharengus, alewife - shad-like food fish that runs rivers to spawn; often salted or smoked; sometimes placed in genus Pomolobus
Brevoortia tyrannis, menhaden - shad-like North American marine fishes used for fish meal and oil and fertilizer
Clupea harangus, herring - commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific
sardine - any of various small edible herring or related food fishes frequently canned
Sardina pilchardus, pilchard, sardine - small fishes found in great schools along coasts of Europe; smaller and rounder than herring
References in periodicals archive ?
The effect of temperature and somatic growth on otolith growth: the discrepancy between two clupeid species from a similar environment.
Brazilian sardine is a marine pelagic clupeid of small port that inhabits Brazilian waters from Cabo de Sao Tome (Rio de Janeiro-22[degrees]S) to Cabo de Santa Marta Grande (Santa Catarina-29[degrees]S) in depth up to 100 meters.
A few species of Cymothiod isopods (Lironeca spp) occur in African freshwater fish (apparently as marine relics) in the Congo basin (in cichlid, a clupeid and a citharinid) [15].
Moreover, clupeid fishes, fish juveniles, hard parts, Penaeid shrimps, euphausid and lucifer and Loligo spp.
Traps, usually placed at a density of 25-75 per ha, are typically baited 2-6 times per week with low-value clupeid or catastomid fishes, or with commercially formulated crawfish baits.
Nevertheless, in the fish fauna the first marine influencing in the horizon lets itself already ascertain B, among other things with episodic appearance by clupeid otolithes (MULLER, in prep.
Ditty J, Houde E, Shaw R (1994) Egg and larval development of spanish sardine, Sardinella aurita (Family Clupeidae), with a synopsis of characters to identify clupeid larvae from the northern Gulf of Mexico.
191) Until 1989, all species "of fish belonging to a large group of clupeid marine fish sharing the characteristics of young pilchards" could be marketed to the European Community under the term "sardines.
The collection of existing information and field investigation of anadromous clupeid spawning in New Jersey.
Menhaden is any of a genus of clupeid fishes of the Western Atlantic, used for bait or for making oil and fertilizer.