coastal convoy

coastal convoy

A convoy whose voyage lies in general on the continental shelf and in coastal waters.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ship joined a coastal convoy sailing down to Southend where she joined a larger number of ships.
DURING the Second World War many coastal convoys left the North East, carrying essential supplies down what they called 'The Tramlines', the narrow stretch of water down the North Sea to the South Coast.
It was six months before the United States finally introduced its own coastal convoy system.
When the British admiralty suggested that the United States adopt a coastal convoy system, King, who detested the British, replied coldly.
Offley writes, "Heavily defended coastal convoys and saturation coverage by land-based air patrols" meant that the "solitary targets that had made the 'happy time' [of U-boats hunting American ships] so exceptional were now a distant memory."
To its credit, the RAN was quick to introduce coastal convoys and, by early 1943, there existed a complete system that stretched from Melbourne to Darwin and advanced New Guinea bases.
(Today, visitors to North Carolina's Okracoke Island can find a little cemetery that contains the graves of British sailors killed just offshore in defense of the United States.) Eventually, coastal convoys augmented by aircraft and surface escort protection reduced U-boat effectiveness enough to convince Donitz to reassign many of his subs from North American waters to convoy lanes closer to England.
Coastal convoys ran the gauntlet of mines, enemy bombers, E-boats and U-boats to transport coal and goods to Southern ports.
But Capt Lawrence was injured at sea when Germans attacked the coastal convoys and he later returned to his ship after recovering from injuries only to die of pneumonia while aboard.

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