cochineal

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coch·i·neal

 (kŏch′ə-nēl′, kŏch′ə-nēl′, kō′chə-, kō′chə-)
n.
1. A red colorant, whose primary constituent is carminic acid, that is made of the dried and pulverized bodies of female cochineal insects and is used to color food and cosmetics.
2. A vivid red.

[French cochenille, from Spanish cochinilla, cochineal insect, probably from Vulgar Latin *coccinella, from feminine diminutive of Latin coccinus, scarlet, from Greek kokkinos, from kokkos, seed, grain, dried female kermes insect (used in making scarlet dye), of unknown origin.]

coch′i·neal′ adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cochineal

(ˌkɒtʃɪˈniːl; ˈkɒtʃɪˌniːl)
n
1. (Animals) Also called: cochineal insect a Mexican homopterous insect, Dactylopius coccus, that feeds on cacti
2. (Cookery) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
3. (Dyeing) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
4. (Colours)
a. the colour of this dye
b. (as adjective): cochineal shoes.
[C16: from Old Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccineus scarlet-coloured, from coccum cochineal kermes, from Greek kokkos kermes berry]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

coch•i•neal

(ˌkɒtʃ əˈnil, ˌkoʊ tʃə-, ˈkɒtʃ əˌnil, ˈkoʊ tʃə-)

n.
a red dye prepared from the dried bodies of the females of the cochineal insect, Dactylopius coccus, which lives on cactuses of warm regions.
[1575–85; < Middle French cochinille < Sp cochinilla the insect; of obscure orig.]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cochineal - a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects
dye, dyestuff - a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
2.cochineal - Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacticochineal - Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
scale insect - small homopterous insect that usually lives and feeds on plants and secretes a protective waxy covering
Dactylopius, genus Dactylopius - type genus of the Dactylopiidae
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kilptäikošenill

cochineal

[ˈkɒtʃɪniːl] Ncochinilla f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cochineal

[ˌkɒtʃɪˈniːl] n (= food colouring) → colorant m rouge
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

cochineal

n (= insect, colouring)Koschenille f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
A mother and her young daughter are washing bundles of alpaca wool in terracotta bowls and preparing dyes with odd-shaped vegetables and cochineal insects; around them, coils of pumpkin and lime-green wool hang like garlands and children with ruddy cheeks scamper at their feet.
Cochineal insects (Dactylopius coccus C.) from the city of Loja, Ecuador, were used here to form a new hybrid structure.
The gnarled trunk has been covered, almost beyond recognition, with wine-red powder made from the crushed bodies of cochineal insects, while white carnation petals have been sprinkled on the base of the construction.
Productivity of cochineal insects Dactylopius coccus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) reared on cactus pear cladodes Opuntia ficus-indica (cactacea) produced under different fertilization conditions.
Likewise, PSP anthocyanins have advantages over traditional synthetic red food colorings and the carmine reds extracted from cochineal insects. Those advantages include sustainability and ease of production.
To reach this objective, it is necessary to assure a better production by protecting this strategic culture from the most important pest, notably, diaspines cochineal insects which cause infestations often difficult to quantify on all North band of Algeria (Kosztarab, 1990).
(10) However, as we will see, early scholarship did not clearly distinguish between multiple species, but rather spoke of cochineal insects as if they were a single species with domesticated and wild members.
(1) Nikiforuk makes a simple entomological error here: several pages are devoted to cochineal insects as if they were beetles; they are, in fact, scale insects, close relatives of aphids.