is a prominent concept in explaining the links between economic variables, and we have no reason a priori to rule it out in expectations formation and revision.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 14, 2019-: Market for car trade has weakened materially - K Auto Oy and K Caara Oy to initiate codetermination
negotiations with personnel
The presence of both parents and nurses in the situation with sensi tivity to the children's well-being and their openness to the other party competently contributing gave space for children's codetermination
. Willingness to collaborate was evident.
However, Norway has no real codetermination
with its European neighbours.
In the West, a great example of a functional union-management relationship is seen in Germany where they have a concept called 'codetermination
(1) For example, in Austria, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Norway, Slovenia, and Sweden, laws grant workers or unions the right to appoint members to the board of directors (Benelli, Loderer, and Lys, 1987; Botero et al., 2004), which is known as the "labor codetermination
This political catchword of the time referred to the power relation between publisher and editorial staff and--depending on how it was interpreted--aimed at securing editors a certain independence from economic influences or at gaining more extensive codetermination
rights regarding personnel and economic decisions.
The chapters cover the associations' crucial role in postwar economic survival, the tortuous ways of redeeming the public image of the entrepreneurs, the industrialists' self perception as elites during West Germany's reconstruction period, their resistance to the trade union participation in business associations and to codetermination
, the reluctance against the 'Americanization' in management training, the reasons for retaining the entrepreneurs' old fashioned mentality as well as the influence that businessmen had over politics, and even their undermining Adenauer's boycott policy over trade with the Eastern bloc.
The German government's Work 4.0 report argues that part of the response to digitalization needs to be an extension and strengthening of collective bargaining and worker codetermination
arrangements in order to ensure that employees have a say in how technology is rolled out.
(148) "Under the German codetermination
There are clear parallels in this experience of the erosion of stable, unionized employment, along with aspects of codetermination
relating to joint regulation and workplace control.