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n. pl. co·di·ces (kō′dĭ-sēz′, kŏd′ĭ-)
A manuscript volume, especially of a classic work or of the Scriptures.

[Latin cōdex, cōdic-, tree trunk, wooden tablet, book, variant of caudex, trunk.]
Word History: Cōdex is a variant of caudex, a wooden stump to which petty criminals were tied in ancient Rome, rather like our stocks. This was also the word for a book made of thin wooden strips coated with wax upon which one wrote. The usual modern sense of codex, "book formed of bound leaves of paper or parchment," is due to Christianity. By the first century bc there existed at Rome notebooks made of leaves of parchment, used for rough copy, first drafts, and notes. By the first century ad such manuals were used for commercial copies of classical literature. The Christians adopted this parchment manual format for the Scriptures used in their liturgy because a codex is easier to handle than a scroll and because one can write on both sides of a parchment but on only one side of a papyrus scroll. By the early second century all Scripture was reproduced in codex form. In traditional Christian iconography, therefore, the Hebrew prophets are represented holding scrolls and the Evangelists holding codices.


(ˈkəʊdɪˌsiːz; ˈkɒdɪ-)
1. (Library Science & Bibliography) the plural of codex
2. (Law) the plural of codex


(ˈkoʊ dɛks)

n., pl. co•di•ces (ˈkoʊ dəˌsiz, ˈkɒd ə-)
1. a manuscript volume, usu. of an ancient classic or the Scriptures.
2. Archaic. a code; book of statutes.
[1575–85; < Latin cōdex, caudex tree-trunk, book (formed orig. from wooden tablets); compare code]
References in periodicals archive ?
Christoph Fliieler at the University of Fribourg with the intent to digitize medieval manuscripts and make them freely available online to scholars and researchers through the Codices electronici Sangalleses (CESG) website (henceforth, "e-codices").
These were called codices, and each took years to create.
Domingo de Betanzos' Gifts to Pope Clement VII in 1532-1533: Tracking the Early History of Some Mexican Objects and Codices in Italy
Amoxcalli / La casa de los libros es el bello y evocador titulo de un valiosisimo disco compacto interactivo que incluye, entre otras cosas, mas de cuarenta codices manuscritos pictograficos mexicanos resguardados en el Fondo Mexicano de la Biblioteca Nacional de Francia (BNF), en Paris.
Del aprecio indigena por conservar y registrar escrupulosamente en sus codices los hechos de su historia, su geografia, su organizacion politica y de gobierno, su cosmovision y formas de vida, llegan a nuestros dias innumerables referencias.
Autor de obras clasicas como Filosofia nahuatl estudiada en sus fuentes (UNAM, 1983) y Vision de los vencidos (UNAM, 2000), Miguel Leon Portilla, investigador emerito de la UNAM publico recientemente Codices (Aguilar, 2003).
In his preface, Griggio provides a census of the nearly 250 codices that contain letters to or from Barbaro, each with its own siglum denoting city and library where the manuscript is housed.
The year 1995 marked the fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of the thirteen codices which comprise the Nag Hammadi library.
Entre las principales caracteristicas de los codices nacionales --prehispanicos, coloniales y contemporaneos-- no esta el que sean susceptibles de "exhibicion", "sirvan para la atraccion turistica" o "se vuelvan productos comerciales sensacionalistas".
In 1929, local workmen digging for fertilizer in the ruins of an ancient house in Medinet Madi in Egypt discovered a cache of papyrus codices still with their wooden covers in a chest.