coelacanth


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
click for a larger image
coelacanth
Latimeria chalumnae

coe·la·canth

 (sē′lə-kănth′)
n.
Any of various mostly extinct lobe-finned fishes of the group Coelacanthiformes or Actinistia, known only in fossil form until a living species, Latimeria chalumnae, was identified in 1938. A second Latimeria species was described in 1999.

[New Latin Coelacanthus, former genus name : Greek koilos, hollow; see -coel + Greek akantha, spine (in reference to the hollow spines of the fins).]

coe′la·can′thine′ (-kăn′thīn′, -thĭn) adj.
coe′la·can′thous (-thəs) adj.

coelacanth

(ˈsiːləˌkænθ)
n
(Animals) a primitive marine bony fish of the genus Latimeria (subclass Crossopterygii), having fleshy limblike pectoral fins and occurring off the coast of E Africa: thought to be extinct until a living specimen was discovered in 1938
[C19: from New Latin coelacanthus, literally: hollow spine, from coel- + Greek akanthos spine]

coe•la•canth

(ˈsi ləˌkænθ)

n.
a heavy, hollow-spined fish, Latimeria chalumnae, of deep S African coastal seas, that crawls on the sea bottom with lobed, limblike fins: a living fossil of the order Crossopterygii, considered forerunners of the land vertebrates.
[1860–65; < New Latin Coelacanthus orig. a genus name =coel- coel- + Greek -akanthos -spined, adj. derivative of ákantha spine, thorn]
click for a larger image
coelacanth

coe·la·canth

(sē′lə-kănth′)
Any of various fish having lobed, fleshy fins. They are the only living varieties of an ancient order of lobe-finned fish. Coelacanths were thought to be extinct until a living species was discovered in 1938.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coelacanth - fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africacoelacanth - fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africa
crossopterygian, lobefin, lobe-finned fish - any fish of the order Crossopterygii; most known only in fossil form
genus Latimeria, Latimeria - type genus of the Latimeridae: coelacanth
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Animals like wandering albatross (having the widest wingspan of any bird), coastal redwood (tallest tree in the world), Paedophryne amauensis (smallest frog, and smallest vertebrate), Amazon water lily (one of the largest aquatic plants), coelacanth (one of the world's oldest living species) and deep cave springtail (one of deepest-dwelling terrestrial creatures) formed the subject matter of the doodle.
The coelacanth - or CC to its friends - is a deep-sea fish which has been floating around for 400 million years.
| 1938: A fish identified as a coelacanth, thought to have been extinct for 65 million years, was caught by a fisherman off the coast of South Africa.
From growing up in his hometown in Southern France beside the breezy Mediterranean Sea, to his great search of the ancient coelacanth off South Africa, to underneath massive ice sheets in the freezing Antarctic, Laurent has circumnavigated the world in his divesuit and with his camera.
I remind skeptics of the coelacanth, primitive marine fish once known only in fossils, assumed by scientists to have caught the Extinction Express out of Dodge about 66 million years ago.
Returning to the subject literally in hand, he frowns slightly: 'A trained Islamic art historian was as rare as a coelacanth in the 1960s.
semilaevis were searched from the genomic library, and other species genomic sequences of DNAH9 were obtained from Ensemble (http://www.ensembl.org/index.html) and NBCI (Coelacanth: ENSLACG00000003371; Danio rerio: ENSDARG00000103383; Fugu rubripes: ENSTRUG00000000064; Lampetra japonica: ENSPMAG00000005143; Maylandia zebra: NW_004532118.1; and Xiphophorus maculatus: NW_005372467.1).
And when the newly rechristened Met Breuer opens later this month, visitors will be presented with a kind of living fossil, an architectural coelacanth: a museum building from another era that wasn't forced to evolve in tandem with its parent institution.
The irony is that Stellenbosch University has also produced counter-cultural alumni such as Beyers Naude, the noted theologian and former imprisoned antiapartheid activist; Uys Krige, noted playwright, satirist and bane of Afrikaner politicians; James Leonard Brierley Smith, the renowned ichthyologist involved with the rediscovery of the coelacanth; two former Union of South Africa prime ministers, Jan Smuts and James Hertzog; and even the erstwhile England cricket international, Jonathan Trott.
Please find attached details of one of the most exciting developments in the African fish scene since the discovery of the coelacanth!