coenzyme


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co·en·zyme

 (kō-ĕn′zīm′)
n.
An organic substance that reversibly combines with a specific protein, the apoenzyme, and with a substrate to form an active enzyme system.

co′en·zy·mat′ic (-zə-măt′ĭk) adj.
co·en′zy·mat′i·cal·ly adv.

coenzyme

(kəʊˈɛnzaɪm)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a nonprotein organic molecule that forms a complex with certain enzymes and is essential for their activity. See also apoenzyme

co•en•zyme

(koʊˈɛn zaɪm)

n.
a molecule that provides the transfer site for biochemical reactions catalyzed by an enzyme.
[1905–10; < German Ko-enzym; see co-, enzyme]
co•en`zy•mat′ic (-zaɪˈmæt ɪk, -zɪ-) adj.
co•en`zy•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.

coenzyme

A nonprotein compound that activates an enzyme to speed up a biochemical reaction.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
cocarboxylase, thiamine pyrophosphate - a coenzyme important in respiration in the Krebs cycle
coenzyme A - a coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids
NAD, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
NADP, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate - a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
triphosphopyridine nucleotide - a coenzyme of several enzymes
coenzyme Q, ubiquinone - any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
Translations
coenzyme

co·en·zyme

n. coenzima, sustancia que activa la acción de una enzima.

coenzyme

n coenzima m&f; — Q coenzima Q; [Note: the RAE lists coenzima as feminine, but as with enzima, masculine usage is common, particularly in Spain.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that has recently gained attention as a beneficial supplement for those with neurodegenerative diseases due to its neuroprotective effects against oxidative stress.
Does coenzyme Q10 play a role in the risk of new-onset diabetes due to statins?
Tenders Are Invited for S-acetyl Co-enzyme a Synthetase, Co-enzyme a Sodium Salt,acetyl Coenzyme a Sodium Salt, Atp Disodium Salt Qty 2 Nos,coenzyme a Sodium Salt Qty 25 Nos, Acetyl Coenzyme a Sodium Salt Qty 5 Nos Etc.
CoQ10 (Ubiquinone-10) is a compound which serves as coenzyme in key enzymatic reactions during the energy production in the cell, may be found in each cell in different amounts, has the lipid structure and is similar to vitamin.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A high percentage of children, teens and young adults with migraines appear to have mild deficiencies in vitamin D, riboflavin and coenzyme Q10 -- a vitamin-like substance found in every cell of the body that is used to produce energy for cell growth and maintenance.
Thirty-one patients with Parkinson's disease who were experiencing the "on-off" phenomenon while receiving levodopa (Group 1), and 33 other patients with Parkinson's disease who were not being treated with levodopa (Group 2) were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, 300 mg per day of ubiquinol (the reduced form of coenzyme Q10) or placebo for 48 weeks (Group 1) or 96 weeks (Group 2).
Your trusted ally in health, ATC Healthcare, has been promoting its food supplement, the ATC Coenzyme Q10, also known as the Heart Energizer, to improve the heart's power to pump more blood by lowering the blood viscosity or thickness, normalizing heart function and blood pressure.
Objective: To assess the effects of Coenzyme Q10 supplementation on glycaemic control, oxidative stress and adiponectin levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Discuss with the patient whether they want to consider adding ubiquinone (coenzyme Q10) to statin therapy, One positive study suggesting that coenzyme Q10 may reduce statin-related myalgia has been followed by several negative studies.
Other explanations offered include the suppression of coenzyme Q10 production, as well as the pleiotropic effects of statins.
Tokyo, Dec 3, 2012 - (JCN) - Kaneka Corporation has confirmed the effect of the reduced form coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinol) in improving the chronic fatigue syndrome showing long-lasting fatigue or tiredness, with unknown cause.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is critical to production of adenosine triphosphate