q), because of coevolutionary
responses by the control agent.
In addition, much work in recent years has focused on such topics as the effect of spatial interactions of individuals and coevolutionary
interactions on larger-scale population dynamics and the quantitative analysis of these responses.
Fitness costs associated with resistance strongly influence the location and stability of equilibria in coevolutionary
models of plants and pathogens (reviewed in Parker 1992).
Conservation and coevolutionary
implications of brood parasitism by cowbirds.
The subdivision of populations, the spatial pattern of selection, and gene flow can all influence the coevolutionary
process (Thompson 1994).
Consequently, for the observed topology presented in Figure 2 to misrepresent the "true" mitotype phylogeny would require a level of coevolutionary
interaction between the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes such that permissible substitutions would be severely limited in scope.
1987), and Saloniemi (1993) have included gradient dynamics of mean trait values in coevolutionary
A variety of coevolutionary
scenarios have been proposed to account for the specific associations between particular pairs of interacting species (Thompson 1982).
6] yr before the appearance of the pursuit carnivores that were supposed to engage them in a coevolutionary
arms race through the Cenozoic (Janis and Wilhelm 1993, Janis 1996); the high-mobility herbivore morphologies, instead, were probably related to reduction of locomotory costs in the increasingly open grassland habitats resulting from late Cenozoic climatic changes.
It has been argued that narrow specialization should be rare in mutualisms due to ecological and selective processes unique to this type of coevolutionary
interaction (Schemske 1983; Howe 1984; Law 1985; Thompson 1994).
While these associations predominate in agriculture, and have rightfully received the greatest research attention, they are atypical of many associations that may exhibit very different ecological and coevolutionary
It makes the case for a posthumanist ethics that draws on work done in coevolutionary
neo-Darwinism, biocentric ethics, animal umwelt phenomenology, and non-anthropocentric animal ethics.