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1. Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
2. Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nō̆-men-.
3. Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
1. One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
2. A word related to one in another language.
3. A sequence of university courses taken as an adjunct to a graduate degree program: earned an MA in linguistics with a cognate in computer science.

[Latin cognātus : co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·na′tion n.


(kɒgˈneɪ ʃən)

cognate relationship.


relationship through female descent. Cf. agnation. — cognate, adj.
See also: Relationship
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the familycognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the family
unilateral descent - line of descent traced through one side of the family
2.cognation - (anthropology) related by blood
anthropology - the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
References in periodicals archive ?
Awwad bin Saleh Al-Awwad said in a statement to Saudi Press Agency (SPA) that the Cabinet reviewed a number of reports on events and latest developments at regional and international arenas, renewing in this context the Kingdom's keenness on the stability of sisterly Iraq and its permanent stand with all its strata and races emanating from the teachings of the tolerant Islam, historical relations, cognation ties, and neighborliness, and the Kingdom's allocation of one billion dollars to reconstruction projects in Iraq, in addition to 500 million dollars to finance Saudi exports to Iraq during Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq.
As a sequel to this, there then ensued an extended exchange between Freeman and myself on the same subject of cognation and the kindred in which King adopted Smart's distinctions between indigenous categories, anthropological models, and the phenomenal order of behaviour and interaction.
Since this change reduces the cognate portion for word stems to a single consonant, the result does not provide very good evidence for that cognation.
It is part of the Cognation project which has heavily invested in mountain biking throughout the South Wales region over the past three years.