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1. Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
2. Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nō̆-men-.
3. Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
1. One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
2. A word related to one in another language.
3. A sequence of university courses taken as an adjunct to a graduate degree program: earned an MA in linguistics with a cognate in computer science.

[Latin cognātus : co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·na′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(kɒgˈneɪ ʃən)

cognate relationship.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


relationship through female descent. Cf. agnation. — cognate, adj.
See also: Relationship
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the familycognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the family
unilateral descent - line of descent traced through one side of the family
2.cognation - (anthropology) related by blood
anthropology - the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here we examine the phonologically and etymologically generated cognation of two Luzumiyyas: (1) the -smu rhyme that generated tasmu as the rhyme word and hence semantic kernel of the Tasmu poem, and (2) the lamsi Luzumiyya, in the meter wafir, which features the synonym and metathetic mate of tasm, that is, tarns, as the rhyme word of its second verse.
No, there must be other explanations (imperialistic cognation)?
Awwad bin Saleh Al-Awwad said in a statement to Saudi Press Agency (SPA) that the Cabinet reviewed a number of reports on events and latest developments at regional and international arenas, renewing in this context the Kingdom's keenness on the stability of sisterly Iraq and its permanent stand with all its strata and races emanating from the teachings of the tolerant Islam, historical relations, cognation ties, and neighborliness, and the Kingdom's allocation of one billion dollars to reconstruction projects in Iraq, in addition to 500 million dollars to finance Saudi exports to Iraq during Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq.
As a sequel to this, there then ensued an extended exchange between Freeman and myself on the same subject of cognation and the kindred in which King adopted Smart's distinctions between indigenous categories, anthropological models, and the phenomenal order of behaviour and interaction.
of Biomass of Larvae/ fruits Larvae Fruits fruit (g) fruit Salacia crassifolia 114 101 3799 1.13 (Hippocrateaceae) Cheiloclinium 85 115 2630 0.74 cognation (Hypocrateaceae) Myrcia guianensis 28 144 326 0.19 (Myrtaceae) Siparuna camporum 18 1952 5957 0.01 (Siparunaceae) Diospyros hispida 1101 256 8944 4.30 (Ebenaceae) Annona coriacea 90 5 2450 18.00 (Anonaceae) Mouriri pusa 115 109 770 1.06 (Memecylaceae) Alibertia edulis 0 41 1482 0 Rich (Rubiaceae) Anacardium 0 82 2420 0 occidentale L.
It is part of the Cognation project which has heavily invested in mountain biking throughout the South Wales region over the past three years.
In: Frans Husken and Jeremy Kemp, eds., Cognation and Social Organisation in Southeast Asia.
The two exceptions are Boruea siahua and Kuna ogoba, both of which are so phonologically dissimilar to one another as to exclude the possibility of cognation and, thus, the possibility that a word for coconut with such reflexes pertained to Proto-Chibchan.