cognomen

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cog·no·men

 (kŏg-nō′mən)
n. pl. cog·no·mens or cog·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
1.
a. A family name; a surname.
b. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. A name, especially a descriptive nickname or epithet acquired through usage over a period of time.

[Latin cognōmen : co-, con-, co- (influenced by cognōscere, to know) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·nom′i·nal (-nŏm′ə-nəl) adj.

cognomen

(kɒɡˈnəʊmɛn)
n, pl -nomens or -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə; -ˈnəʊ-)
(Historical Terms) (originally) an ancient Roman's third name or nickname, which later became his family name. See also agnomen, nomen, praenomen
[C19: from Latin: additional name, from co- together + nōmen name; influenced in form by cognōscere to learn]
cognominal adj
cogˈnominally adv

cog•no•men

(kɒgˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -no•mens, -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə)
1. any name, esp. a nickname or epithet.
2. the third and commonly the last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, indicating the person's house or family, as “Caesar” in “Gaius Julius Caesar.” Compare agnomen (def. 1).
3. a surname.
[1800–10; < Latin, =co- co- + nōmen name]
cog•nom′i•nal (-ˈnɒm ə nəl, -ˈnoʊ mə-) adj.

cognomen

1. Ancient Rome. the third and usually last name in Roman personal names, as Caesar of Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. a surname or family name.
3. a nickname. — cognominal. adj.
See also: Names
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognomen - a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of a person's given name)cognomen - a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of a person's given name); "Joe's mother would not use his nickname and always called him Joseph"; "Henry's nickname was Slim"
appellation, appellative, designation, denomination - identifying word or words by which someone or something is called and classified or distinguished from others
2.cognomen - the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
maiden name - a woman's surname before marriage

cognomen

noun
The word or words by which one is called and identified:
Slang: handle, moniker.
Translations

cognomen

[kɒgˈnəʊmen] N (frm) (cognomens or cognomina (pl)) (= surname) → apellido m; (= nickname) → apodo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Eric Maikranz's novel 'The Reincarnationist Papers', which focuses on the Cognomina, a secret society of people who possess total recall of their past lives.
First, the migratory transferred names, which in turn can be divided into two groups: the names given by migrants and the toponyms that have emerged from cognomina given to migrants.
John Lee Hancock and Ian Shorr are adapting D Eric Maikranz's novel 'The Reincarnationist Paper', which follows the Cognomina, a secret society of people who possess total recall of their past lives.
7 Mas interes tienen, en cualquier caso, los cognomina. Asi el que porta el difunto, Masclus, cuenta con una unica atestiguacion en la peninsula iberica, un caso de Ilerda, G.
A su vez, los testimonios correspondientes a cada ciudad se presentan asimismo segun el orden alfabetico de los gentilicios de sus protagonistas o, en su defecto, por los cognomina. Tal y como deja claro la autora, esta clasificacion tiene como principal objetivo facilitar la localizacion de las diferentes entradas, quedando fuera cualquier caracterizacion de la documentacion epigrafica --como puedan ser diferencias o afinidades regionales--que es analizada en el primer volumen.
Teniendo en cuenta la morfologia, las dimensiones de la pizarra y los posibles cognomina con los que se han podido establecer paralelos podemos argumentar que lo mas previsible es que el texto formara parte de un epigrafe funerario en el que unicamente podemos distinguir parte del nombre del difunto (4), sin que se haga mencion a la filiacion o a la edad del fallecido.
Antonius Creticus and the cognomina ex victis gentibus', ZPE 80 (1990) 157-64.
Murillo: Y por lo que mira a ese arte de las artes, a esa mi arte favorita, de la que, aunque indigno, soy emerito profesor, de esa coruscante antorcha que ilumina el alma para el bien decir, de esa esplendorosa azucenica hermosura, que se cognomina retorica, ?a fe que no ha de decir Vm.
In questa tipologia possono rientrare anche le etimologie di altri cognomina di Giunone, Opigena, <<che porta aiuto (opem) alle donne in travaglio>>25, Poplona, invocata dal popolo (26) e Curitis, invocata dai guerrieri in quanto curis veniva connessa a hasta (27).