cognominal


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

cog·no·men

 (kŏg-nō′mən)
n. pl. cog·no·mens or cog·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
1.
a. A family name; a surname.
b. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. A name, especially a descriptive nickname or epithet acquired through usage over a period of time.

[Latin cognōmen : co-, con-, co- (influenced by cognōscere, to know) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·nom′i·nal (-nŏm′ə-nəl) adj.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Nowadays a profession-based patronym does not oblige its owner to continue in the cognominal business.