cohort


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Related to cohort: Cohort study, Cohort Analysis

co·hort

 (kō′hôrt′)
n.
1.
a. A group or band of people.
b. A companion or associate.
c. A generational group as defined in demographics, statistics, or market research: "The cohort of people aged 30 to 39 ... were more conservative" (American Demographics).
2.
a. One of the 10 divisions of a Roman legion, consisting of 300 to 600 men.
b. A group of soldiers.

[Middle English, from Old French cohorte, from Latin cohors, cohort-; see gher- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The English word cohort comes from the Latin word cohors, which meant "an enclosed area" or "a pen or courtyard enclosing a group of cattle or poultry." By extension, the word could refer to any group in general and in particular to a company of soldiers or a troop of cavalry in the army of ancient Rome. The group of men forming the bodyguard of a Roman general or the retinue of a provincial governor was also called a cohors. Because of this history, some people insist that the English word cohort should be used to refer only to a group of people and never to an individual person. But the use of cohort in reference to individuals has become so common, especially in the plural, as to overshadow the use in the singular to refer to a group. Both in our 1988 and 1999 surveys, 71 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the sentence The cashiered dictator and his cohorts have all written their memoirs. These results stand in stark contrast to those of our 1965 survey, in which 69 percent rejected the usage. Moreover, the Panel is divided regarding the traditional usage referring to a group. In 1988, 43 percent accepted The gangster walked into the room surrounded by his cohort, and in 1999, 56 percent accepted Like many in her cohort, she was never interested in kids when she was young.

cohort

(ˈkəʊhɔːt)
n
1. (Military) one of the ten units of between 300 and 600 men in an ancient Roman Legion
2. any band of warriors or associates: the cohorts of Satan.
3. chiefly US an associate or follower
4. (Biology) biology a taxonomic group that is a subdivision of a subclass (usually of mammals) or subfamily (of plants)
5. (Statistics) statistics a group of people with a statistic in common, esp having been born in the same year
[C15: from Latin cohors yard, company of soldiers; related to hortus garden]

co•hort

(ˈkoʊ hɔrt)

n.
1. a companion, associate, or accomplice.
2. a group or company.
3. one of the ten divisions of a Roman legion.
4. any group of soldiers or warriors.
5. a group of persons sharing a particular statistical or demographic characteristic.
6. an individual in a population of the same species.
[1475–85; < Middle French cohorte < Latin cohort-, s. of cohors farmyard, armed force]
usage: Emphasizing the idea of companionship or aid, cohort has come to signify a single individual - whether friend, supporter, or accomplice. This use is sometimes objected to, although it is now common.

Cohort

 a division in the Roman army; a band of warriors. See also band, company.
Examples: cohort of acquaintances, 1719; of bright cherubim, 1667; of Christian fathers, 1858; of infantry, 1489; of priests, 1874; of social regenerators, 1871; of warriors, 1500.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cohort - a company of companions or supporters
company - a social gathering of guests or companions; "the house was filled with company when I arrived"
2.cohort - a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion)
band, circle, lot, set - an unofficial association of people or groups; "the smart set goes there"; "they were an angry lot"
3.cohort - a group of people having approximately the same agecohort - a group of people having approximately the same age
people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; "old people"; "there were at least 200 people in the audience"
aged, elderly - people who are old collectively; "special arrangements were available for the aged"
youth, young - young people collectively; "rock music appeals to the young"; "youth everywhere rises in revolt"

cohort

noun
1. (Chiefly U.S.) supporter, partner, associate, mate, assistant, follower, comrade, protagonist, accomplice, sidekick (slang), henchman Drake and his cohorts were not pleased at my promotion.
2. group, set, band, contingent, batch We now have results for the first cohort of pupils to be assessed.

cohort

noun
1. One who is united in a relationship with another:
2. One who supports and adheres to another:
Translations
مَجْموعَه، كَتيبَه
kohortaskupina
skare
flokkur, hópur; áhangendahópur
būrysgauja
cilvēku grupakohorta

cohort

[ˈkəʊhɔːt] Ncohorte f

cohort

[ˈkəʊhɔːrt] n
(= group) → groupe m
(= supporter) → acolyte m

cohort

nKohorte f, → Trupp m

cohort

[ˈkəʊhɔːt] n (Mil) → coorte f

cohort

(ˈkouhoːt) noun
a group of people. She has cohorts of admirers.
References in classic literature ?
Numbers of artists had arranged to go, accompanied by a whole cohort of models and pupils, who, by midnight, began to create a tremendous din.
He ceas'd; and th' Archangelic Power prepar'd For swift descent, with him the Cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim; four faces each Had, like a double JANUS, all thir shape Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those Of ARGUS, and more wakeful then to drouze, Charm'd with ARCADIAN Pipe, the Pastoral Reed Of HERMES, or his opiate Rod.
A girl of the painted cohorts of the city went along the street.
Whether marching amid his aides and marshals in the van of countless cohorts that endlessly streamed it over the plains, like an Ohio; or whether with his circumambient subjects browsing all around at the horizon, the White Steed gallopingly reviewed them with warm nostrils reddening through his cool milkiness; in whatever aspect he presented himself, always to the bravest Indians he was the object of trembling reverence and awe.
Thus, the population shares capture the effect of the change in the demographic composition of the labor force, while [^.[LFP.sub.t.sup.i]] reflects the age-gender and cohort effects of the different demographic groups.
This is a support document to the "Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2009 Cohort User Guide" report.
The authors also compare the labor force transitions of the three cohorts. The labor force participation rates of the three cohorts at the beginning of their respective periods are fairly similar--for Early Boomers, 63 percent are classified as not retired (working at least 30 weeks and 1500 hours per year), as compared to 65 percent for War Babies and 61 percent for the HRS Cohort.
METHODS: Birth cohort studies were included if they a) collected data on at least one environmental exposure, b) started enrollment during pregnancy or at birth, c) included at least one follow-up point after birth, d) included at least 200 mother-child pairs, and e) were based in a European country.
After reviewing the safety and efficacy data, as determined by response assessment per RECISTv1.1, of patients enrolled in the immunotherapy-refractory NSCLC cohort, 50 additional patients (80 total) with stage IV non-squamous NSCLC who have radiographically progressed on or after treatment with one prior immune checkpoint inhibitor (anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1) for metastatic disease will be enrolled at the recommended dose of cabozantinib 40 mg plus atezolizumab 1,200 mg.
The data indicates that the product was generally well-tolerated and demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in Factor VIII levels across the four dosage cohorts. The company has dosed eight patients.
Six of the 12 patients in the clinical trial of have now completed one year of follow-up observations and one patient in the low dose cohort has now been followed for two years.
The average employment rate, lifetime number of years worked, annual earnings, and hourly wages all increased from the early cohort to the boomer cohort for women ages 51 to 56.