Even if both languages use the cohortative only for the 1 st person singular (though Hebrew, at least, has examples of the 3rd person cohortative), this is simply a reduction of the paradigm, and not an innovative development.
The so-called "long imperative," found in Hebrew, Amarna Canaanite, and Ugaritic, utilizes the same morpheme as the cohortative, and could very well be a shared feature:
: Like nearly all translators, I convey the cohortative
as "let me" or "let us" or "may I" or "may we." Unfortunately, these English forms suggest permission, as if the person using the cohortative
is asking to be allowed to do something.
In Lessness, the cohortative
tone: "He will curse God again as in the blessed days[ldots] He will stir in the sand[ldots] He will live again the space of a step" resonates with Psalms and the Prophets: "Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence," or "I shall not die, but live." As an example of his sensitiv ity to a language he hadn't studied, there are two episodes which stand out, one concerning Krapp's Last Tape which took place before I arrived in Paris, and the other of Godot, which took place after.
Chapter 9 deals with the explicit volitive forms (cohortative
, imperative, and jussive), the use of which in LBH closely resembles that in CBH, except in the case of Daniel 11, in which jussive, i.e., short yiqtol, forms appear in complementary distribution with standard yiqtol forms--the former clause-initial, the latter clause-internal--without signaling any obvious volitive nuance.
In addition, there are related unusual forms of the verb, where the shortened form, vocalized as a jussive, follows [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in situations where one expects the cohortative
There are three verbal moods: indicative, non-indicative (subsuming subjunctive, optative, jussive, cohortative
), and imperative.
Although rare, the waw consecutive with the cohortative
to refer to the past should have been mentioned, as in Genesis 44:11: [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "and we dreamed" (see Joshua Blau, A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew [Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1976], 87).
I wonder if students will comprehend the BH cohortative
Certainly, its fifty-four chapters cover all the basics of Tiberian Hebrew grammar using the traditional terminology; e.g., jussive, cohortative
, infinitive construct and absolute, guttural verb, directive he , etc., Although the competition is stiff, this book does contain something many of the other textbooks do not have--a Hebrew-English and English-Hebrew glossary, advantageously arranged alphabetically rather than under the root (pp.
"Perfect, imperfect, cohortative
, imperative, jussive, infinitive construct, and infinitive absolute" do not "all count as tenses" (p.
190-92]) distinguishes long and short imperfect; former cohortative
is now energicus (265).