If defendants can avoid liability through pre-damages manipulations, one should look for ways to rectify this externality and improve existing collectivization
(2) The collectivization
of risk encourages bad risk-taking.
In the initial conversations Andrzej Kaczorowski, Franciszek Gryciuk, Antoni Kura, and Mateusz Szpytma reflect on different visions of Peoples' Poland by the PSL and PPR (the name the communist party bore in the 1940s) in the area of land reform, forced collectivization
, disintegration of Stalin's economic and political system, the role of women who opposed collectivization
of farms (which never succeeded in Poland), the function of activites of representatives of the Polish farmers' movement abroad, and the communists' efforts to divide and dysfunctionalize the Polish emigre milieu.
In both collectivization
and the Final Solution, mass sacrifice was needed to protect a leader from the unthinkability of error" (p.
Flynn has arranged two dozen essays according to chronology and theme, beginning with an argument against collectivization
and concluding with the titular "Time and Eternity." The result is a curious survey of a life lived with increasing conviction in people's capacity for misguidance, from choices in leadership to entrapment in temporality.
In a violent and massive campaign of "collectivization
," he brought Soviet agriculture under state control.
There is an interesting set of first-hand accounts of the resistance to collectivization
in the region uniquely balanced with two archival accounts from the Russian officials in charge of these operations.
Scott's The Moral Economy of the Peasant, Li describes the ways in which village peasants resisted state-imposed policies during and after agricultural collectivization
and succeeded, not only in modifying those policies, but also in constraining the behavior of the party cadre who supervised their work.
Critics call Stalin a murderer for the millions of deaths in his forced collectivization
and Gulag prison camps.
They think the genocide proponents insufficiently recognize the immense damage inflicted on agriculture by collectivization
and the incidence of famine among Russians, especially Don Cossacks.
What was it like for a farm family to be deported to a forced labor camp during the "collectivization
" of the peasants in the 1930s?
According to Powers, "It soon became clear that the foreign invaders and their ideology were incompatible with Tibetan culture." The Dalai Lama tried negotiation with the Chinese but "[b]y 1955, the process of collectivization
was underway ...