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Related to colocynth: Colocynthis
1. A tendril-bearing Old World vine (Citrullus colocynthis) bearing yellowish, green-mottled fruits the size of small lemons.
2. The fruit of this plant, whose dried, bitter, spongy pulp is a very strong laxative. In both senses also called bitter apple.
[Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē, round gourd.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
nGerman name: bitter apple
1. (Plants) a cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the Mediterranean region and Asia, having bitter-tasting fruit
2. (Pharmacology) the dried fruit pulp of this plant, used as a strong purgative
[C17: from Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē gourd, of obscure origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
col•o•cynth(ˈkɒl ə sɪnθ)
1. Also called bitter apple. a Mediterranean and S Asian plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the gourd family, bearing a round, yellow or green fruit with a bitter pulp.
2. a drug derived from the pulp of the fruit, used as a purgative.
[1555–65; < Latin colocynthis < Greek kolokynthís, variant of kolókyntha bitter gourd]
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