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Related to colocynth: Colocynthis


1. A tendril-bearing Old World vine (Citrullus colocynthis) bearing yellowish, green-mottled fruits the size of small lemons.
2. The fruit of this plant, whose dried, bitter, spongy pulp is a very strong laxative. In both senses also called bitter apple.

[Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē, round gourd.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Plants) a cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the Mediterranean region and Asia, having bitter-tasting fruit
2. (Pharmacology) the dried fruit pulp of this plant, used as a strong purgative
German name: bitter apple
[C17: from Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē gourd, of obscure origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkɒl ə sɪnθ)

1. Also called bitter apple. a Mediterranean and S Asian plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the gourd family, bearing a round, yellow or green fruit with a bitter pulp.
2. a drug derived from the pulp of the fruit, used as a purgative.
[1555–65; < Latin colocynthis < Greek kolokynthís, variant of kolókyntha bitter gourd]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"The bitter is indeed to come," said the countess; "and such bitter that colocynth is sweet and oleander toothsome in comparison.
The example of the hypocrite who does not read the Qur'an is like the Hanthalah (colocynth) which does not have any smell and it tastes bitter" [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Article source:
muricata), colocynth (Citrullus colocynthis), African horned cucumber (Cucumis metuliferus),fig leaf gourd (Cucurbita ficifolia), pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch.ex Poir), zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo L.), bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria Standl.), ash gourd (Benincasa hispida Cogn.), ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula Roxb.) and sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica L.) were collected from different parts of Tamil Nadu and India.
Some of these have been investigated for the preparation of BD as well, like melon [20], Cucurbita pepo [21, 22], cantaloupe [23], and Citrullus colocynth [24] etc.
Citrullus colocynthis (CCT), also known as bitter apple, wild gourd, tumba and wine of Sodom, is known for its medicinal value since long.8 The oil yield of Colocynth seeds makes 52% of its contents9 and 76.4% of its oil content is composed of linoleic acid.10 The aqueous seed extract of CCT is known to have many amino acids like Arginine, tryptophan, lysine and leucine; vitamins like biotin, thiamin and niacin; and phytochemical like flavanoids, phenols, alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, triterpenoids and saponins.11
Citrullus colocynth (22,34) is found scattered in the sandy soil of desert plains bearing green and yellow round gourd included in Cucurbitaceae family.
Other methods were physical therapy, phlebotomy, acupuncture, and homeopathy.The most recommended products from the above-mentioned traditional herbalists were walnut distillate, fenugreek, and colocynth. Less recommended products were Securigera securidaca, Otostegia persica, Teucrium polium, sumac, green tea, and cinnamon.
In fact, during our investigation, herbalists have reported a risk of toxic effects when talking about colocynth (Citruiius coiocynthis), oleander (Nerium oleander) and spurge (Euphorbia resinifera).
colocynthis (Cucurbitaceae), commonly known as the colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi or vine of Sodom, is a desert vine plant native to the Mediterranean Basin and Asia.
The example of the hypocrite who does not read the Quran is like the Hanthalah (colocynth) which does not have any smell and it tastes bitter"A[yen] [Al- Bukhri and Muslim] We ask Allh The Almighty to enable us to be included in the ranks of the people of the Quran, not just in Ramadan but all through our lives.