Bowen has pleaded not guilty to charges of deprivation of rights under color of law
and falsification of records in a federal investigation.
Bowen, a 10-year veteran of the Border Patrol Agency, was indicted by a federal grand jury last May on charges of depriving the Guatemalan man of his civil rights under color of law
and falsifying records.
According to the(https://www.justice.gov/usao-sdoh/pr/vice-detective-arrested-and-charged-depriving-victims-civil-rights-witness-tampering) statement , "The seven-count indictment charges Mitchell with three counts of depriving individuals of their civil rights while acting under the color of law
(up to life imprisonment), two counts of witness tampering (up to 20 years in prison), one count of obstructing justice (up to 10 years in prison) and one count of making false statements to federal agents (up to five years in prison)."
"Baby Knauef'--the first disabled baby to be killed under color of law
in Germany--was born with serious disabilities, including blindness.
This assemblage of public policies is so transparently segregationist that Richard Rothstein (2017) persuasively argues in his book The Color of Law
: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America that the de jure/de facto distinction is illusory.
"Acting under color of law
, [the TABC] threatened and pursued groundless allegations and enforcement actions," the lawsuit says.
The traffic stop also could not be justified as a valid citizen's arrest because the agent had the powers of a peace officer and activated emergency lights and approached the stopped vehicle with a Buffalo Police officer "and therefore acted under color of law
and with the accouterments of official authority rather than as a private citizen."
Unfortunately, he will never see a cent from the officials who conspired against him under the color of law
GRTC claims it could not have acted under color of law
within the scope of 1983 because it "is not a government actor." In support of its contention that GRTC acted "under color of law
" for purposes of 1983, White Coat alleges three pertinent facts: GRTC is (1) a government entity; (2) owned by the City of Richmond and Chesterfield County; that (3) provides public transportation in the Richmond area.
From titles such as The New Jim Crow and The Color of Law
to other original research, there are numerous resources that can educate and inform those of us who may not live these stories every day.
<br />An avid reader, Holderness said that books such as "The Color of Law
: A Forgotten History of How our Government Segregated America" and "Just Mercy" have been enlightening.