James Wilson of Pennsylvania directly invoked these diplomatic impediments as he argued for a centralized treaty power that would take precedence over state law: "What is the reason that Great Britain does not enter into a commercial treaty with us?
Under the preliminary articles of peace, which the emissaries of Britain and the United States signed in November 1782, the government of Lord Shelburne promised a commercial treaty that would allow the newly independent states to trade with Britain's remaining empire on the same terms as they had before the revolution.
The British business community is concerned that a Philippine government willing to breach an international agreement to pass the death penalty would find it 'much easier to walk away from a commercial treaty,' the United Kingdom envoy said.
"The cultural industry, and in particular the audiovisual industry, has never featured in a commercial treaty before," French Trade Minister Nicole Bricq told Europolitics during a visit to Washington, on 23 April.
Barlow, nevertheless, forged ahead, negotiating a commercial treaty and maritime claims convention with French officials that he brought with him on what turned out to be his final mission--to Napoleon's winter headquarters at Wilna.