centaury

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Related to common centauries: Centaurium umbellatum, Erythraea centaurium

cen·tau·ry

 (sĕn′tôr′ē)
n. pl. cen·tau·ries
Any of several herbs of the genus Centaurium, especially a Eurasian species (C. erythraea) that has clusters of pink flowers and has long been used in herbal medicine.

[Middle English, from Old English centaurie, from Latin centaurēum, from Greek kentaureion, from Kentauros, centaur (from the legend that the plant's medicinal properties were discovered by the centaur Chiron).]

centaury

(ˈsɛntɔːrɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Plants) any Eurasian plant of the genus Centaurium, esp C. erythraea, having purplish-pink flowers and formerly believed to have medicinal properties: family Gentianaceae
2. (Plants) any plant of the genus Centaurea, which includes the cornflower and knapweed: family Compositae (composites)
[C14: ultimately from Greek Kentauros the Centaur; from the legend that Chiron the Centaur divulged its healing properties]

cen•tau•ry

(ˈsɛn tɔ ri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Centaurium, of the gentian family, having clusters of small pink or red flowers.
2. any of several allied or similar plants.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English centaurie < Medieval Latin centauria « Greek kentaúrion, appar. derivative of kéntauros centaur]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.centaury - any of various plants of the genus Centaurium
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
Centaurium, genus Centaurium - genus of low-growing herbs mostly of northern hemisphere having flowers with protruding spirally twisted anthers
Centaurium calycosum, rosita - erect plant with small clusters of pink trumpet-shaped flowers of southwestern United States
Centaurium minus, lesser centaury - common European glabrous annual centaury with flowers in dense cymes
Centaurium scilloides, tufted centaury - tufted perennial of western Europe and Azores having bright pink to white flowers
seaside centaury - a variety of centaury found at the seaside
broad leaved centaury - a variety of centaury with broad leaves
slender centaury - a slender variety of centaury
2.centaury - any plant of the genus Centaurea
Centaurea, genus Centaurea - knapweed; star thistle
basket flower, Centaurea americana - annual of southwestern United States cultivated for its purple flower heads and its bracts that resemble small baskets
Centaurea cineraria, Centaurea gymnocarpa, dusty miller - a plant having leaves and stems covered with down that resembles dust
Centauria calcitrapa, star-thistle, caltrop - Mediterranean annual or biennial herb having pinkish to purple flowers surrounded by spine-tipped scales; naturalized in America
knapweed - any of various plants of the genus Centaurea having purple thistlelike flowers
subshrub, suffrutex - low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base
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