commune(redirected from communes)
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intr.v. com·muned, com·mun·ing, com·munes
1. To be in a state of intimate, heightened sensitivity and receptivity, as with one's surroundings: hikers communing with nature.
2. To receive the Eucharist.
[Middle English comunen, to have common dealings with, converse, from Old French communer, to make common, share (from commun, common; see common) and perhaps from Old French communier, to share in the Communion (from Late Latin commūnicāre, from Latin, to communicate; see communicate).]
com·mune 2(kŏm′yo͞on′, kə-myo͞on′)
a. A relatively small, often rural community whose members share common interests, work, and income and often own property collectively.
b. The people in such a community.
2. The smallest local political division of various European countries, governed by a mayor and municipal council.
a. A local community organized with a government for promoting local interests.
b. A municipal corporation in the Middle Ages.
4. often Commune
a. The revolutionary group that controlled the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
b. The insurrectionary, socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871.
[French, independent municipality, from Old French comugne, from Medieval Latin commūnia, community, from neuter of Latin commūnis, common; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. to talk or converse intimately
2. to experience strong emotion or spiritual feelings (for): to commune with nature.
intimate conversation; exchange of thoughts; communion
[C13: from Old French comuner to hold in common, from comun common]
(Ecclesiastical Terms) (intr) Christianity chiefly US to partake of Communion
[C16: back formation from communion]
1. (Sociology) a group of families or individuals living together and sharing possessions and responsibilities
2. any small group of people having common interests or responsibilities
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the smallest administrative unit in Belgium, France, Italy, and Switzerland, governed by a mayor and council
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the government or inhabitants of a commune
5. (Historical Terms) a medieval town enjoying a large degree of autonomy
[C18: from French, from Medieval Latin commūnia, from Latin: things held in common, from commūnis common]
1. (Historical Terms) See Paris Commune
2. (Historical Terms) a committee that governed Paris during the French Revolution and played a leading role in the Reign of Terror: suppressed 1794
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
com•mune1(v. kəˈmyun; n. ˈkɒm yun)
v. -muned, -mun•ing,
1. to talk together, usu. intensely and intimately; interchange thoughts or feelings.
2. to be in intimate communication or rapport.n.
3. interchange of ideas or sentiments.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Middle French comuner to share, derivative of comun common]
v.i. -muned, -mun•ing.
to partake of the Eucharist.
[1275–1325; Middle English; back formation from communion]
1. a small group of persons living together, sharing possessions, work, income, etc., and often pursuing unconventional lifestyles.
2. a close-knit community of people who share common interests.
3. the smallest administrative division in France, Italy, Switzerland, etc., governed by a mayor and council.
4. a community organized for the promotion of local interests.
5. the government or citizens of a commune.
6. the Commune. Also called Com′mune of Par′is, Paris Commune.
a. a revolutionary committee that took control of the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
b. a socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 27, 1871.
[1785–95; < French < Medieval Latin commūna (feminine), alter. of Latin commūne community, state, orig. neuter of commūnis common]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Communea body of the commons; a group forming an interim government. e.g., in Paris in 1794 and 1781; a group living together in a common community.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: communed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
1871 A radical Paris government opposed to the peace terms for the end of the Franco-Prussian war and the right-wing composition of the newly elected National Assembly. It was suppressed with atrocities on both sides.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries|
administrative district, administrative division, territorial division - a district defined for administrative purposes
Italia, Italian Republic, Italy - a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
Belgique, Belgium, Kingdom of Belgium - a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
|2.||commune - a body of people or families living together and sharing everything|
|Verb||1.||commune - communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity; "He seemed to commune with nature"|
communicate, intercommunicate - transmit thoughts or feelings; "He communicated his anxieties to the psychiatrist"
pray - address a deity, a prophet, a saint or an object of worship; say a prayer; "pray to the Lord"
|2.||commune - receive Communion, in the Catholic church|
communicate - administer Communion; in church
covenant - enter into a covenant or formal agreement; "They covenanted with Judas for 30 pieces of silver"; "The nations covenanted to fight terrorism around the world"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
A. N (= group) → comuna f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
(= group of people) → communauté f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
commune[n ˈkɒmjuːn; vb kəˈmjuːn]
1. n (group) → comune f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
a group of people living together and sharing everything they own. kommune الكوميونه العامَّه комуна comuna komuna die Kommune kollektiv; storfamilie κοινόβιοcomuna kommuun گروه اشتراکی kommuuni communeקומונה कम्युन općina kommuna komune kommúna, sambÿli comune 共同生活体 공동생활체 komuna, bendruomenė komūna; kopiena masyarakat communekollektiv, storfamilie komuna ډله ايخ، غوټونۍ سيمه ايخ دټولنې ساره ژوند، په عامو خلكو يا كميون پورې مربوط comuna comunitate коммуна komúna komuna zajednica kollektiv คนที่อยู่ร่วมกันเป็นสังคมเดียวกัน komün, cemaat 公社 комуна مشترک جگہ پر رہنے والے لوگوں کا گروہ công xã 公社ˈcommunal adjective
1. of a community. The communal life suited them. gemeenskaplike الحَياه العامَّه колективен em comunidade komunitní, společný Gemeinde-... fælles κοινοβιακός comunal, común ühis-, kollektiivne گروهی؛ فرقه ای kommuuni- communautaireשיתופי सांप्रदायिक općinski kommunális komunal samfélags- della comunità 共同体の 공동체의 bendruomeninis komunāls; sabiedrisks komuniti gemeenschaps-felles, kollektiv-wspólny, w komunie ټولنه، هغه ټولنه چه په يوه ځاى كې سره او سى رسم ورواج او خوى يي سره ورته وى، خلك، ډله: ګډ مالكيت em comunidade în comun(itate) общинный spoločný skupen zajednički kollektiv, gemensamhets- ที่เป็นชุมชน ortak yaşama ait 公社的 общинний برادری کے thuộc hoặc cho một cộng đồng 公社的
2. shared. a communal television aerial. gedeelde مُشْتَرَك общ comum společný Gemeinschafts-... fællesantenne κοινόχρηστοςcomunitario ühis- مشترک yhteinen communautaire צִבּוּרִי साझा općinski közösségi bersama sameiginlegur della comunità 共同の 공동의 bendras, kolektyvinis kopīgs; kolektīvs kongsi gemeenschappelijk felleswspólny مشترک comum comun общественный spoločný skupen zajednički gemensam ร่วมกัน ortak 公用的，共有的 громадський, колективний مشترکہ chung 公共的，共有的
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.