complain

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com·plain

 (kəm-plān′)
intr.v. com·plained, com·plain·ing, com·plains
1. To express feelings of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment.
2. To make a formal accusation or bring a formal charge; file a complaint.

[Middle English compleinen, from Old French complaindre, complaign-, from Vulgar Latin *complangere : Latin com-, intensive pref.; see com- + Latin plangere, to lament; see plāk- in Indo-European roots.]

com·plain′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

complain

(kəmˈpleɪn)
vb (intr)
1. to express resentment, displeasure, etc, esp habitually; grumble
2. (foll by of) to state the presence of pain, illness, etc, esp in the hope of sympathy: she complained of a headache.
[C14: from Old French complaindre, from Vulgar Latin complangere (unattested), from Latin com- (intensive) + plangere to bewail]
comˈplainer n
comˈplainingly adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

com•plain

(kəmˈpleɪn)

v.i.
1. to express dissatisfaction, resentment, pain, grief, etc.; find fault.
2. to make a formal accusation: You must complain to the police about this vandalism.
[1350–1400; Middle English compleinen < Anglo-French compleign-, s. of compleindre, Old French complaindre < Vulgar Latin *complangere= Latin com- com- + plangere to lament; see plaint]
com•plain′a•ble, adj.
com•plain′er, n.
com•plain′ing•ly, adv.
syn: complain, grumble, whine are terms for expressing dissatisfaction or discomfort. To complain is to protest against or lament a condition or wrong: to complain about high prices. To grumble is to utter surly, ill-natured complaints half to oneself: to grumble about the service. To whine is to complain in a meanspirited, objectionable way, using a nasal tone; it often suggests persistence: to whine like a spoiled child.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

complain

1. 'complain about'

If you complain about something, you say that it is wrong or unsatisfactory.

Mothers complained about the lack of play space.
She never complains about the weather.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'over' or 'on' after complain. Don't say, for example, 'Mothers complained over the lack of play space' or 'She never complains on the weather'.

2. 'complain of'

If you complain of a pain, you say that you have it.

He complained of a headache.
Many patients complain of a lack of energy.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012

complain


Past participle: complained
Gerund: complaining

Imperative
complain
complain
Present
I complain
you complain
he/she/it complains
we complain
you complain
they complain
Preterite
I complained
you complained
he/she/it complained
we complained
you complained
they complained
Present Continuous
I am complaining
you are complaining
he/she/it is complaining
we are complaining
you are complaining
they are complaining
Present Perfect
I have complained
you have complained
he/she/it has complained
we have complained
you have complained
they have complained
Past Continuous
I was complaining
you were complaining
he/she/it was complaining
we were complaining
you were complaining
they were complaining
Past Perfect
I had complained
you had complained
he/she/it had complained
we had complained
you had complained
they had complained
Future
I will complain
you will complain
he/she/it will complain
we will complain
you will complain
they will complain
Future Perfect
I will have complained
you will have complained
he/she/it will have complained
we will have complained
you will have complained
they will have complained
Future Continuous
I will be complaining
you will be complaining
he/she/it will be complaining
we will be complaining
you will be complaining
they will be complaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been complaining
you have been complaining
he/she/it has been complaining
we have been complaining
you have been complaining
they have been complaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been complaining
you will have been complaining
he/she/it will have been complaining
we will have been complaining
you will have been complaining
they will have been complaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been complaining
you had been complaining
he/she/it had been complaining
we had been complaining
you had been complaining
they had been complaining
Conditional
I would complain
you would complain
he/she/it would complain
we would complain
you would complain
they would complain
Past Conditional
I would have complained
you would have complained
he/she/it would have complained
we would have complained
you would have complained
they would have complained
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.complain - express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; "My mother complains all day"; "She has a lot to kick about"
hen-peck, nag, peck - bother persistently with trivial complaints; "She nags her husband all day long"
backbite - say mean things
grizzle, yammer, yawp, whine - complain whiningly
gnarl, grumble, murmur, mutter, croak - make complaining remarks or noises under one's breath; "she grumbles when she feels overworked"
grouch, grumble, scold - show one's unhappiness or critical attitude; "He scolded about anything that he thought was wrong"; "We grumbled about the increased work load"
protest - utter words of protest
repine - express discontent
beef, bellyache, gripe, grouse, squawk, holler, crab - complain; "What was he hollering about?"
inveigh, rail - complain bitterly
bemoan, bewail, deplore, lament - regret strongly; "I deplore this hostile action"; "we lamented the loss of benefits"
report - complain about; make a charge against; "I reported her to the supervisor"
bleat - talk whiningly
chirk up, cheer up, cheer - become cheerful
2.complain - make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge; "The plaintiff's lawyer complained that he defendant had physically abused his client"
charge - make an accusatory claim; "The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

complain

verb find fault, moan, grumble, whinge (informal), beef (slang), carp, fuss, bitch (slang), groan, grieve, lament, whine, growl, deplore, grouse, gripe (informal), bemoan, bleat, put the boot in (slang), bewail, kick up a fuss (informal), grouch (informal), bellyache (slang), kvetch (U.S. slang) She's always complaining about her husband's laziness.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

complain

verb
To express negative feelings, especially of dissatisfaction or resentment:
Informal: crab, gripe, grouse, kick.
Slang: beef, bellyache, bitch.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
اشتكىتذمريَتَذَمَّر، يَتَشَكّىيَشْكويَشْكو مِن
stěžovat sistěžovat/naříkat si na
klageklage overbeklage sig over
valittaa
žaliti se
elpanaszolpanaszkodik
kvartakvarta, kveina
とやかく言うぶつぶつ言うぼやく不平を言う文句する
불평하다
nusiskundimasnusiskųstiskundasskųstis
iesniegt sūdzībusūdzētiesžēloties
pritožiti se
klaga
ร้องทุกข์
şikâyet etmekyakınmak
phàn nàn

complain

[kəmˈpleɪn] VI
1. (= grumble) → quejarse (about, of, to de a) to complain thatquejarse de que
they complained to the neighboursse quejaron a los vecinos
I can't complainyo no me quejo
2. (= make a formal complaint) → reclamar (about, to por ante) we're going to complain to the managervamos a reclamar al director
you should complain to the policetendrías que denunciarlo a la policía
3. (Med) to complain ofquejarse de
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

complain

[kəmˈpleɪn] vise plaindre
to complain about sb/sth → se plaindre de qn/qch
We complained about the noise → Nous nous sommes plaints du bruit.
to complain to sb → se plaindre à qn
I'm going to complain to the manager → Je vais me plaindre au directeur.
to complain to sb about sth → se plaindre à qn de qch
The neighbours complained to the police about the noise → Les voisins se sont plaints du bruit à la police.
complain of
vt fus [+ pain] → se plaindre de
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

complain

visich beklagen, klagen (→ about über +acc); (= to make a formal complaint)sich beschweren, Beschwerde einlegen (form) (→ about über +acc, → to bei); to complain that …sich darüber beklagen/beschweren, dass …; (I) can’t complain (inf)ich kann nicht klagen (inf); stop complaining!beklag dich nicht dauernd!; to complain of somethingüber etw (acc)klagen; to complain of not having enough timeüber Zeitmangel klagen; she’s always complainingsie muss sich immer beklagen, sie hat immer etwas zu klagen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

complain

[kəmˈpleɪn] vi to complain (to sb about sth)lamentarsi (con qn di qc), lagnarsi (con qn di qc); (make a formal complaint) → fare un reclamo (a qn per qc), reclamare (con qn per qc)
complain of vi + preplamentarsi di (Med) → accusare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

complain

(kəmˈplein) verb
1. to state one's displeasure, dissatisfaction etc. I'm going to complain to the police about the noise.
2. (with of) to state that one has (pain, discomfort etc). He's complaining of difficulty in breathing.
comˈplaint noun
1. (a statement of one's) dissatisfaction. The customer made a complaint about the lack of hygiene in the food shop.
2. a sickness, disease, disorder etc. He's always suffering from some complaint or other.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

complain

يَشْكو stěžovat si klage beklagen (sich) παραπονιέμαι quejarse valittaa se plaindre žaliti se reclamare 不平を言う 불평하다 klagen klage naskarżyć się reclamar жаловаться klaga ร้องทุกข์ yakınmak phàn nàn 抱怨
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

complain

v. quejarse, lamentarse.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

complain

vi quejarse
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
But to me, Socrates, these complainers seem to blame that which is not really in fault.
Everybody had a part either too long or too short; nobody would attend as they ought; nobody would remember on which side they were to come in; nobody but the complainer would observe any directions.
The three complainers made their way to Belmont Street when they "watched the accused smash the bottle against a wall".
He said that a waiting room for complainers has also been setup.
Offenders have been known to pose as a bank or security company employee, cold-calling complainers to claim their savings are at risk.
THATTA -- Chairman of the Water Commission Sindh Justice (Retd) Ameer Hani Muslim along with water complainers Advocate Shuhab Osto, MD Water Board Hashim Raza Zaidi paid a visit to the Chilya Water Testing Laboratory, Gharo Water Filter Plant, Dhabajee and Pipri water supplying stations and checked the water being supplied to Karachion Sunday.
Apologetic elite of complainers DEREK Vaughan works in the European Parliament and has a vested interest in the UK (and Wales) staying in the EU.
PEOPLE in the North-east are the best complainers, new research has suggested.
Steve Bradbury, 63, has been dubbed one of the country's most persistent complainers.
THE COMPLAINERS (9pm Channel 4) HAVE you ever contacted a customer services department to have a good old moan?
THE COMPLAINERS C4 9pm NEW SERIES In 2013, 38m complaints were lodged against corporations in the UK.
ISLAMABAD, November 29, 2010 (Frontier Star): Late arrival of staff in different offices of Capital Development Authority (CDA) is creating problems for complainers. As per details, on one side CDA is passing through intense financial crunch while on the other side non-serious behaviour of CDA staff is aggravating the problems.