(ICE-GH:W2A-001#3) (A COMPLEX SENTENCE WITH COMPLEMENT CLAUSE
AS CLAUSAL OBJECT)
be-PRES.3SG well-known ["The fact that he has never had to borrow money is well-known."] Hooper and Thompson's classification of predicates that allow or not an RT in their complement clause
can further illustrate the way Spanish behaves differently from English.
Thus, in (4), the matrix verb biyxo 'knows' shows gender 3 agreement and thus agrees with magalu 'bread', which is within the complement clause
. This is called "Long-distance Agreement" (Corbett 2006) or "Dependent-first" pattern of gender agreement (Matasovic 2009).
Another example with a complement clause
is seen in (24), where gedyrstlaecan is supported by the degree marker to [thorn]am 'to that extent'.
Only this type of complement clause
, found in sentences with verbs like think or say as a main verb, can be false even though the main clause which contains it is true.
In terms of Rohdenburg (1995: 368), this syntactic and semantic cohesion has to do with the complexity of a particular complement clause
. According to this author the degree of complexity of a complement clause
is shown by the number of complements and adjuncts there are between the complement and main verb or predicate.
This kind of reanalysis of the complement clause
is considered to be a possible source of Latvian and Lithuanian reported evidentials (see Walchli 2000 : 194-195).
In the complement clause
, the copular predicate relates a description (the subject noun phrase--the Tower) to a situated reference (the complementary descriptive phrase--the tall building on the corner of the square), with the sense 'the Tower is to be identified as the tall building on the corner of the square.'
Auxiliaries will be treated as heads of clauses that govern a complement clause
headed by an infinitival or participial head.
Since both the subject and the object slots in a sentence are filled by nouns or noun equivalents, the clause 'that the evidence was inadmissible' is a noun or complement clause
. If the original sentence were recast as 'that the evidence was inadmissible was established by the judge', the clause 'that the evidence was inadmissible' functions as the subject of the verb 'was established' and, as such, is a complement clause
Any belief report can be read transparently, with the complement clause
expressing exactly the content it does when standing alone, but an opaque reading is warranted when the speaker is taken as saying something more.