complementary DNA


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Related to complementary DNA: genomic DNA

complementary DNA

n. Abbr. cDNA
Single-stranded DNA synthesized in the laboratory using messenger RNA as a template and the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

complementary DNA

n
(Genetics) a form of DNA artificially synthesized from a messenger RNA template and used in genetic engineering to produce gene clones. Abbreviation: cDNA
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
provirus - cDNA copy of the RNA genome of a retrovirus; the genetic material of a virus as incorporated into and able to replicate with the genome of a host cell
dscDNA - double-stranded cDNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN complémentaire
References in periodicals archive ?
The DNA-modified nanoparticles -- gold in this case -- are positioned on a pre-patterned template made of complementary DNA.
To activate signals to cells, soluble molecules containing complementary DNA strands coupled to peptides are added to the material to create DNA double helices displaying the signal.
RT-PCR for amplification of coat protein of SCMV: Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) was used for qualitative detection of CP gene by reverse transcribing RNA in to complementary DNA (cDNA) (ThermoFisher, Scientific).
The development of arrays of 100s of microdrum devices per chip will weigh complementary DNA strands to those immobilized on the microdrum surface, so tens of different pathogens in a sample can be identified, along with antibiotic resistances, which are also marked by mutations.
DNA was analysed by Southern blotting and hybridisation with an [alpha]-globin complementary DNA probe and a [gamma]-globin genomic probe.
It did say that you can patent complementary DNA (cDNA), which, it was argued, is not naturally occurring.
The DNA connects with complementary DNA on other nanoparticles to create nearly endless particle combinations.
Thus complementary DNA (cDNA), synthesized in the laboratory from the messenger RNA that provides the template for natural DNA, remains patentable.
The RNA was converted to complementary DNA using a complementary DNA synthesis kit (Parstous, Tehran, Iran) with both oligo(dT) and random hexamer primers.
The Supreme Court of the United States has upheld Myriad Genetics' patent claims on complementary DNA, or cDNA.
But the court also ruled that synthetically created DNA known as complementary DNA (cDNA) can be granted a patent.
But the high court also ruled that synthetically created DNA known as complementary DNA (cDNA) can be granted a patent.

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