The quote margin yesu abo:la 'Jesus says' introduces the citation and the complementizer
is ali 'that'.
It is widely known that topicalization structures and wh-movement structures (also referred to as focalization structures) have been analysed within generative theory ever since the Government & Binding era as structures where a constituent--a direct object nominal in the examples in (2)--is moved from its original position within the VP up into the Spec position of the Complementizer
Phrase introducing the overall sequence.
The paper "The Use of if as a Declarative Complementizer
in English: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations," by Maria Jose Lopez-Couso and Belen Mendez-Naya, studies constructions such as It would be a good idea if you hired a bodyguard, where the link if functions as a complementizer
link COP copula DIM diminutive EP epenthesis EXCLUS exclusive F female GEN genitive IMP imperfect tense IMPER imperative INDEF indefinite LIT literally M male NEG negative OBL oblique OM object marker PAST past stem PP past participle PL plural PRES present stem PRO.
In the third chapter Mohammadreza Pirooz introduces a Minimalist account of obligatory control in Persian, and shows that these constructions appear in the finite subordinate clauses headed by the complementizer
ke, optionally present in the derivation.
The interaction of pragmatics and syntax in the development of wh-interrogatives with overt complementizer
Reduced relative clause--a relative clause that is not marked by an overt complementizer
, such as that or who.
According to Hanegreefs (2008: 121), such "independent behaviour" can be understood from two facts: firstly, the presence of the complementizer
" that" marks the transition between the that-clause and the rest of the construction.
Chomsky's computationalist commitment entails that the linguistic symbols which feature in descriptions of our knowledge of language, entities like Noun, Verb, Complementizer
, and the hierarchical tree structures into which they enter, have causal properties in the sense that they underlie any explanation of the linguistic knowledge and intuitions of native speakers.
The latter appears with an overt complementizer
que and an inflected subordinate verb form.
The infinitive marker to--used mainly as a complementizer
preceding infinitive forms of verbs.
Among the topics are why Old Frisian is really Middle Frisian, finiteness and verb fronting, the two infinitives prate and praten, the verbal complex, complementizer
agreement, language changes, contact-induced changes in Modern West Frisian, nasalizing and lengthening, and a lexical theory of schwa-deletion.