His main concern is the with the question of relative complementizers
and the principles determining their insertion or lack of it.
the realization of complementizers
, negation, question formation, auxiliary verbs, noun-adjective order, genitive structures; cf.
and whether they co-occur with complementizers
like che (Munaro, 1999; Munaro and Poletto, 2002; Munaro and Pollock, 2005; Parry, 2003; Tortora, 1997);
3 and 4, below, to briefly summarize another -n, this one occurring in a class of complementizers
in Arabic, which in Classical Arabic are those ending in -nna (inna wa-akhawatuha), namely, inna 'that', anna 'that', and lakinna 'but'.
As we will see, Zoque has native complementizers
and other grammatical means of subordination.
In Correa (2005a; 2005b), the idea was put forward that functional elements (determiners, complementizers
, tense, aspect, etc.
However, the same combinations of ma 'I' + verbs may also be used without the complementizers
, which shows that the syntactic patterns are leaking.
In the syntactic domain, the speaker of English "knows" that complementizers
such as that can be omitted in sentences like John thinks (that) Bill is a nifty linguist but can't be omitted in others, such as *John complains Bill is too nice.
The functional category consists of the less familiar determiners, tense, and complementizers
Egan describes the classification of the constructions, the findings of earlier studies, complement types and complementizers
, same-time constructions, forward-looking constructions, and backward-looking constructions.
These include pronouns, determiners, possessive agreement elements, complementizers
, focus markers, genitive markers, emphasis markers, conjunction, echo, determiner, INFL, etc (Abney 1987; Awoyale 1995; Chomsky 1995; Radford 1997).
4; Bhatia 1993: 74-75), it is also found in languages of South America (Cubeo in Morse and Maxwell 1999: 174-177; Emerillon in Rose 2003: 490-492; Wari' in Everett and Kern 1997: 97-98), Papuan languages (Golin in Loughnane 2003; Hatam in Reesink 1999: 128 129: Usan in Reesink 1987: 255: Yimas in Foley 1991: 402-403), languages of the Caucasus (Abkhaz in Hewitt 1987: 38-40: Georgian in Hewitt 1987: 27-28), and Chadic languages (Lele in Frajzyngier 2001: 405-409, and more generally Frajzyngier 1991, 1996 on de ditto complementizers
in Chadic and beyond).