complementizer

(redirected from complementizers)

com·ple·men·tiz·er

 (kŏm′plə-mĕn-tī′zər)
n.
A word that introduces a clause, especially a subordinate clause, such as the word that in I believe that they have eaten lunch.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

complementizer

(ˈkɒmplɪmənˌtaɪzə)
n
(Grammar) generative grammar a word or morpheme that serves to introduce a complement clause or a reduced form of such a clause, as that in I wish that he would leave
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

com•ple•men•tiz•er

(ˈkɒm plə mənˌtaɪ zər)

n.
(in generative grammar) an element or elements marking a complement clause, as that in We thought that you forgot or for … to in For you to come here would be silly.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
complémenteur
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References in periodicals archive ?
Among their topics are ordering restrictions if both internal arguments are wh-phrases, Bulgarian pronouns: what they do not distinguish that most of Slavic does, the pluperfect in Bulgarian and Macedonian: from bai ganyo to the bombi, a glimpse into the acquisition of Bulgarian morphosyntax: pronominal clitics, and two declarative complementizers in Bulgarian.
"Familiar Complements and their Complementizers: On Some Determinants of A'-Locality." Unpublished manuscript.
As this paper will argue, these two phenomena are linked, and the presence of the internally-headed construction in (3) can be used to show that the relativizers are best not analyzed as relative pronouns in the usual sense, but should instead be described as complementizers that, perhaps unusually, agree with a semantic feature of the head of the relative constructions that they introduce.
Some accounts are based on the syntactic theory of generative grammar [25,26], according to which certain syntactic nodes hosting complementizers, along with other functional categories, such as tense, are located higher in the syntactic tree than others (e.g., agreement, mood, and aspect).
what the dialect's interrogative pronouns (who, what, where, when ...) look like, where these interrogative pronouns are placed in the sentence (at the end, at the beginning, both?), and whether they co-occur with complementizers like che (Munaro, 1999; Munaro and Poletto, 2002; Munaro and Pollock, 2005; Parry, 2003; Tortora, 1997);
For the gender system of a language to be considered productive, the gender of a noun needs to be cross-referenced by those elements in the utterance which entertain some kind of morpho-syntactic relation with the noun itself (typically adjectives, pronouns, demonstrative, determiners, verbs, relative pronouns but also adpositions and complementizers).
It is relevant, for reasons that emerge in sections 2.3 and 4, below, to briefly summarize another -n, this one occurring in a class of complementizers in Arabic, which in Classical Arabic are those ending in -nna (inna wa-akhawatuha), namely, inna 'that', anna 'that', and lakinna 'but'.
In Correa (2005a; 2005b), the idea was put forward that functional elements (determiners, complementizers, tense, aspect, etc.) interact with intentional systems in the Mental Lexicon, whereas elements of lexical categories (N, V, Adj) interact with conceptual systems.
Bresnan, Joan 1970 "On complementizers: Towards a syntactic theory of complement types".
However, the same combinations of ma 'I' + verbs may also be used without the complementizers, which shows that the syntactic patterns are leaking.
In the syntactic domain, the speaker of English "knows" that complementizers such as that can be omitted in sentences like John thinks (that) Bill is a nifty linguist but can't be omitted in others, such as *John complains Bill is too nice.