complexity theory


Also found in: Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to complexity theory: Chaos theory

complexity theory

n.
Any of various branches of mathematics, physics, computer science, and other fields concerned with the emergence of order and structure in complex and apparently chaotic systems.

complexity theory

n
1. (Mathematics) maths the study of complex systems, including subjects such as chaos theory and genetic algorithms
2. (Computer Science) computing a field in theoretical computer science dealing with the resources required during computation to solve a given problem
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Naturally, this was not offered as a definition of God but simply as a major operating principle of complexity theory. But when I first read it, I had a veritable epiphany that "This is what we call `God'!" We sense, or, more accurately, intuit, that such as this is what gives us the opportunity for life and keeps us alive as long as it can ...
EXPERTS on complexity theory are gathering at Warwick University this week to see if their textbook learning can be put to use by modern businesses.
In the 1980s, Cell-Mann shifted his attention from particles to "complexity theory," an attempt to understand how elaborate phenomena (biological cells, the mind) can arise out of interactions of relatively simple rules.
There are also many political "moderates" - journalists, scholars, technologists, scientists, artists, and business people, all far less famous than Summers - whose intellectual appreciation for self-organizing systems has come from outside economics: from complexity theory, from the decentralized evolution of the Internet, from the process of scientific discovery, from ecological science, from cross-cultural exchange, from organization theory.
Scientists who have started to apply quantum physics, chaos, and complexity theory to understanding living systems now believe that homeopathy's effects are mediated indirectly by an electromagnetic mechanism.
What these authors know best is science, and the bulk of this book, including all of its major chapters but one, concentrate on the growing uncertainty within science emanating from such developments as quantum mechanics, chaos theory and complexity theory (sometimes lumped together under the rubric of "the new sciences").
The result is a masterful collection of papers ranging in subject matter from complexity theory and dynamic comparative advantage to endogenous protection and managed trade, all designed to influence the future course of trade policy research, and generally speaking, succeeding in this task.
Complexity theory, also known as chaos theory (see Gleick, 1987), is a good example of these difficulties.
Enter chaos theory and complexity theory...these both emerged from modern physics and economics.
We believe that we are justified in makin such an assumption since it's merely an instance of a basic presupposition on which the relevance of abstract complexity theory itself is dependent.
In the context of the current fad for "complexity theory," the Bridge is a brilliant example of "a self-organized system, optimizing itself at the edge of chaos." At any event, it is such a compelling fantasy that it hegemonizes the novel, over-shadowing both the energetic plot and the noirish postcards from L.A.
These investigations will also shed new light on the foundational questions of algebraic complexity theory. As an essential new ingredient to achieve this, We will tackle the arising algebraic computational problems by means of approximate numeric computations, Taking into account the concept of numerical condition.a related goal of the proposal is to develop a theory of efficient and numerically stable algorithms in algebraic geometry that reflects the properties of structured systems of polynomial equations, Possibly with singularities.