complexity theory


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Related to complexity theory: Chaos theory

complexity theory

n.
Any of various branches of mathematics, physics, computer science, and other fields concerned with the emergence of order and structure in complex and apparently chaotic systems.

complexity theory

n
1. (Mathematics) maths the study of complex systems, including subjects such as chaos theory and genetic algorithms
2. (Computer Science) computing a field in theoretical computer science dealing with the resources required during computation to solve a given problem
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The frameworks are cognitive-interactionist theory, sociocultural theory, complexity theory, and education and pedagogy.
Objective: Traditional complexity theory focuses on the dichotomy between p and np-hard problems.
Speakman and Sharpley (2012) later proposed a number of weaknesses that ultimately compromise the suitability of contemporary tourism crisis management models in general and suggested complexity theory as an alternative framework for managing tourism crises.
Kline also strangely ignores cybernetics' closest spiritual successor, complexity theory, which echoes cybernetics' interdisciplinary audacity as well as its sometimes-frustrating vagueness.
From complexity theory we review the contributions from Lorenz (1963), Thom (1977), Nicolis and Prigogine (2007), Prigogine and Stengers (2002), Bonabeau, Dorigo, and Theraulaz (1999), Watts (2006); from complex adaptive systems we take insights from Gell-Mann (1994, 1995) and Holland (1992, 1995, 1998); and we follow Ashby (1962, 1964), Von Foerster (1981) and Beer (1981, 1988) from the cybernetics tradition.
Complexity theory evolved from different disciplines: mathematics, physics, biology, life science, economics, organizational science, and computational intelligence in the middle of twentieth century, and later offered its insights to other disciplines [3][4][5].
Developments in post-quantum complexity theory, within both the physical and social sciences, will enable us to re-ground social democratic arguments and state them in a more plausible way for the twenty-first century.
Psychoanalyst and clinical psychologist Coburn applies complexity theory to psychoanalysis, especially to the clinical attitudes that arise from psychoanalytic complexity, and how this changes emotional lives and their corresponding relationships and might inform different ways of thinking and working clinically.
In this article, we describe a research platform for initial teacher education, developed by the Project RITE (Rethinking Initial Teacher Education) (1) research team, which combines key ideas from complexity theory and critical realism (CT-CR) and applies these to teacher education.
Complexity theory, practice theory and philosophy, activity theory, actor-network theory are now established as key reference points; communities of practice approaches were much less visible than in the past, indicating they have perhaps run their course.
The breakfast will discuss complexity theory and its implications for the future management of companies.
Emergence is one of the core concepts in the field of complexity theory, particularly in relation to models of "complex adaptive systems" (CAS).