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com•pre•hen•sion(ˌkɒm prɪˈhɛn ʃən)
Both comprehension and understanding can be used to talk about someone's ability to understand something.
If you have an understanding of something, you have some knowledge of it, or you know how it works or what it means.
You cannot use comprehension with this meaning.
Understanding has another meaning. If there is understanding between people, they are friendly towards each other and trust each other.
|Noun||1.||comprehension - an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result); "how you can do that is beyond my comprehension"; "he was famous for his comprehension of American literature"|
discernment, savvy, understanding, apprehension - the cognitive condition of someone who understands; "he has virtually no understanding of social cause and effect"
incomprehension - an inability to understand; "his incomprehension of the consequences"
|2.||comprehension - the relation of comprising something; "he admired the inclusion of so many ideas in such a short work"|
involvement - a connection of inclusion or containment; "he escaped involvement in the accident"; "there was additional involvement of the liver and spleen"