contraction

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con·trac·tion

(kən-trăk′shən)
n.
1. The act of contracting or the state of being contracted.
2.
a. A word, as won't from will not, or phrase, as o'clock from of the clock, formed by omitting or combining some of the sounds of a longer phrase.
b. The formation of such a word.
3.
a. Physiology The shortening and thickening of functioning muscle or muscle fiber.
b. Any of a series of sudden and involuntary tightenings of the uterine muscles occurring before or during childbirth.
4. A period of decreased business activity.

contraction

(kənˈtrækʃən)
n
1. an instance of contracting or the state of being contracted
2. (Physiology) physiol any normal shortening or tensing of an organ or part, esp of a muscle, e.g. during childbirth
3. (Pathology) pathol any abnormal tightening or shrinking of an organ or part
4. (Linguistics) a shortening of a word or group of words, often marked in written English by an apostrophe: I've come for I have come.
conˈtractive adj
conˈtractively adv
conˈtractiveness n

con•trac•tion

(kənˈtræk ʃən)

n.
1. an act or instance of contracting.
2. the quality or state of being contracted.
3. a shortened form of a word or group of words, with the omitted letters often replaced in written English by an apostrophe, as isn't for is not, they're for they are, e'er for ever.
4. the change in a muscle by which it becomes thickened and shortened.
5. a decrease in economic and industrial activity.
[1375–1425; (< Middle French) < Latin contractiō=contrac-, variant s. of contrahere (see contract) + -tiō -tion]
con•trac′tion•al, adj.
con•trac′tive (-tɪv) adj.
con•trac′tive•ness, n.
usage: Contractions (isn't, couldn't, can't, he'll) occur chiefly, although not exclusively, in informal speech and writing. They are common in personal letters, business letters, journalism, and fiction; rare in scientific and scholarly writing. Contractions in formal writing usu. represent speech.

con·trac·tion

(kən-trăk′shən)
The shortening and thickening of a muscle in action. Contraction of the biceps of the arm causes the elbow to bend.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.contraction - (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)
shortening - act of decreasing in length; "the dress needs shortening"
contracture - an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
tetanus - a sustained muscular contraction resulting from a rapid series of nerve impulses
uterine contraction - a rhythmic tightening in labor of the upper uterine musculature that contracts the size of the uterus and pushes the fetus toward the birth canal
Braxton-Hicks contraction, false labor - painless contractions of the muscles of the uterus that continue throughout pregnancy with increasing frequency
vaginismus - muscular contraction that causes the vagina to close; usually an anxiety reaction before coitus or pelvic examination
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
2.contraction - the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together; "the contraction of a gas on cooling"
shrinkage, shrinking - process or result of becoming less or smaller; "the material lost 2 inches per yard in shrinkage"
coarctation, constriction - tight or narrow compression
3.contraction - a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds; "`won't' is a contraction of `will not'"; "`o'clock' is a contraction of `of the clock'"
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
4.contraction - the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
reduction, step-down, diminution, decrease - the act of decreasing or reducing something
enlargement, expansion - the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope

contraction

noun
1. tightening, narrowing, tensing, shortening, drawing in, constricting, shrinkage Cramp is caused by contraction of the muscles.
2. abbreviation, reduction, shortening, compression, diminution, constriction, elision `It's' is a contraction of `it is'.
Translations
إخْتِصار لِكَلِمَة طَويلَهتَقَلُّص، إنْقِباض
smršťovánístahovánízkrácený tvar/slovo
sammentrækning
összehúz ás
samandreginnsamdráttur
stiahnutie
büzülmekasılmakısaltma

contraction

[kənˈtrækʃən] Ncontracción f

contraction

[kənˈtrækʃən] n
[muscles] → contraction f
(in output, economy, size)réduction f
[word] → forme f contractéecontract killer ntueur m à gagescontract killing nmeurtre m commanditécontract of employment ncontrat m de travailcontract of service ncontrat m de service

contraction

n
(of metal, muscles)Zusammenziehen nt, → Zusammenziehung f; (fig)Schrumpfung f
(Ling) → Kontraktion f
(in childbirth) (labour) contractions(Geburts)wehen pl; the contractions are coming strongdie Wehen sind stark
(form: = acquisition, of debts) → Ansammlung f; (of habit)Entwicklung f, → Annahme f; his contraction of polioseine Erkrankung an Kinderlähmung

contraction

[kənˈtrækʃn] ncontrazione f; (of metal) → restringimento

contract

(kənˈtrӕkt) verb
1. to make or become smaller, less, shorter, tighter etc. Metals expand when heated and contract when cooled; `I am' is often contracted to `I'm'; Muscles contract.
2. ( American ˈkontrakt) to promise legally in writing. They contracted to supply us with cable.
3. to become infected with (a disease). He contracted malaria.
4. to promise (in marriage).
(ˈkontrӕkt) noun
a legal written agreement. He has a four-year contract (of employment) with us; The firm won a contract for three new aircraft.
conˈtraction (-ʃən) noun
1. an act of contracting. contraction of metals; contraction of muscles.
2. a word shortened in speech or spelling. `I'm' is a contraction of `I am'.
conˈtractor noun
a person or firm that promises to do work or supply goods at a fixed rate. a building contractor.

con·trac·tion

n. contracción;
after - ______ ulterior;
deep ______ de fondo;
hunger ______ de hambre;
muscular ______ muscular;
spasmodic ______ espasmódica.

contraction

n contracción f; Braxton-Hicks contractions contracciones de Braxton-Hicks, falsos dolores de parto; premature atrial — (PAC) contracción auricular prematura (CAP); premature ventricular — (PVC) contracción ventricular prematura (CVP)
References in periodicals archive ?
Concentric contraction causes shortening while eccentric contraction causes the lengthening of muscle as it exerts tension against the external load to move the bony lever.
This triceps brachii concentric/eccentric contraction cycle was performed at a metronome-controlled tempo of one second per concentric contraction and one second per eccentric contraction.
11 *--Rise of center of gravity, jump height [the maximum displacement of the center of mass of during flight time = jump height curve] **--Squat position (center of mass) ([dagger]) Pavg--Average concentric power [(P(t)) from the time when v(t) becomes positive until takeoff] ([infinity])--Instantaneous Force [Force at the transition from eccentric to concentric contraction (when the Power first becomes positive)] Table 3.
What we often don't realize is that the concentric contraction of mover muscles may be ineffective without the accompanying isometric contraction of stabilizer muscles.
However, if the WRD group truly performed their sets to repetition maximum (RM) then the main consideration is simply that both groups trained to maximal effort; the ARD group performed 10 maximal concentric contractions per set, and the WRD group performed 1 maximal concentric contraction as the final repetition of each set.
Concentric contraction utilizes contractility of muscle fibers, causing a shortening of the muscle body.
The contraction of the agonist muscle is in the direction of the movement and is termed concentric contraction.
Similarly, we can use a technique that involves a concentric contraction of the muscle group opposing that which is being stretched, in order to achieve reciprocal inhibition.
Concentric contraction involves a shortening of the muscles under loading and is used to accelerate the body or move an object, as when you suddenly move in the opposite direction to hit the baseball.
Concentric Movement--In a concentric contraction the muscle shortens to produce movement.
Our general guideline for movement speed stipulates a 1-2 second concentric contraction and a 3-4 second eccentric contraction.