conditioned response


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conditioned response

n. Psychology
A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning. Also called conditioned reflex.

conditioned response

n
(Psychology) psychol a response that is transferred from the second to the first of a pair of stimuli. A well-known Pavlovian example is salivation by a dog when it hears a bell ring, because food has always been presented when the bell has been rung previously. Also called (esp formerly): conditioned reflex See also classical conditioning, unconditioned response
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.conditioned response - an acquired response that is under the control of (conditional on the occurrence of) a stimulusconditioned response - an acquired response that is under the control of (conditional on the occurrence of) a stimulus
learned reaction, learned response - a reaction that has been acquired by learning
conditioned avoidance, conditioned avoidance response - a conditioned response that anticipates the occurrence of an aversive stimulus
References in periodicals archive ?
Activations above baseline responding of single dopamine neurons in the midbrain were recorded with intracranial electrodes as the conditioned response. They found that the X stimulus not only counteracted the activations produced by a conditioned excitor (i.e., summation), but it also depressed the dopamine neurons activity below the baseline when presented alone.
In a first work, Hoffland and coworkers [16] demonstrated that cTBS, when applied on the right cerebellar hemisphere before EBCC, was able to interfere with the acquisition of conditioned responses (CRs) tested just after conditioning, although retention, reacquisition, and extinction of CR was not affected after one week.
As stated by the authors, the role of contingency-awareness in facilitating a conditioned response is not clear (Hoffmann, 2011).
Playing a musical instrument, to use Jacobs's lexicon, is a series of conditioned responses developed through a trial-and-error process in response to various stimuli.
Those of us in the all-volunteer force tend to have a conditioned response against conscription.
The conditioned response is always to pile into bonds, be it in the US, UK or Germany, and the outcome is the same--the long end of the curve flattens.
The renewal effect is the partial recovery of an extinguished conditioned response (CR) produced by a change of contextual stimuli between acquisition, extinction and testing.
The term "conditioned response" was used by a Russian scientist named Ivan Pavlov.
(2009) proposed that taste aversions may develop from a conditioned response to a nausea or vomiting episode close in time to the food being eaten.
After every tenth CS-US pairing, participants were asked to rate their perceived salivation responses to the lemon juice US (i.e., the conditioned response) on a 9-point Likert-type scale.
Then, they would study the amount of drool, and Pavlov observed that the dogs would drool without seeing or smelling the food, so he decided that a conditioned response was taking place.
Abbreviations: ANS = autonomic nervous system, CBT = cognitive behavioral therapy, CIMT = constraint-induced movement therapy, CR = conditioned response, PNS = parasympathetic nervous system, PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder, REM = rapid eye movement, SNS = sympathetic nervous system, TBI = traumatic brain injury.