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 (kən-foun′dĭd, kŏn-)
1. Confused; befuddled: A crowd of confounded bystanders stared at the appalling wreckage.
2. Used as an intensive: a confounded fool.

con·found′ed·ly adv.
con·found′ed·ness n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Given that T1 treatment includes farmers who received T2, we exclude the latter when estimating the impact of the former to prevent potential confoundedness.
We also use regression models to control for confoundedness, to test for network effects on mean attitudes, and to analyze how networks and beliefs about the past are associated with ethnic and political trust.
To further exclude the potential confoundedness of head motion, we performed standard GLM analyses, including head motion indices as covariates, for all the following group-level analysis.