congenital abnormality


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.congenital abnormality - a defect that is present at birthcongenital abnormality - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
Ali (name changed) was born with a rare congenital abnormality, Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction with poor function in the left kidney.
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a congenital abnormality which is characterised by the presence of a combination of mandibular hypoplasia, glossoptosis and often Labio-palatin clefts which is the most common type of craniofacial malformation encountered in practice and also among most common congenital abnormalities.
A 2008 study in Turkey reported that the most frequent causes of infant mortality were prematurity (45%), congenital abnormality (10.2%), and congenital heart disease (9.2%).7 In most infant mortality studies in Turkey, prematurity and congenital abnormalities rank high.7,17-20 The differences in proportions may be due to social differences and differences in regional primary and secondary health service usage.
This might be due to difference in the curriculum; doctors and midwives took courses on congenital abnormality and their protective methods in detail than other health professionals.
'Cleft lip and palate is a congenital abnormality and is no respecter of anybody, and these children are not witches as erroneously believed by others.''
If the band is subsequently recovered, additional information about the impact of this type of congenital abnormality may be obtained.
The Case Report of Taillessness in Iranian Female Calf (A Congenital Abnormality).
He was born with a congenital abnormality and has had heart problems for the last 10 years.
First-trimester growth might also be impaired in pregnancies diagnosed with a congenital abnormality. An association between the presence of structural congenital abnormalities and second- and third-trimester growth restriction is already known for a long time [22-24].
An omphalocoele is a congenital abnormality characterised by the protrusion of abdominal contents through a full thickness defect, with a thin membrane or sac covering the contents.
[5] However, use of inequivalent terms, such as congenital abnormality, continues.
Shrivastav said he has seen just three cases of the congenital abnormality in his career.

Full browser ?