congenital defect


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to congenital defect: congenital heart defect, myeloma, Juvenile Arthritis
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.congenital defect - a defect that is present at birthcongenital defect - a defect that is present at birth  
ablepharia - a congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
anencephalia, anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
ametria - congenital absence of the uterus
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency - genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
epispadias - a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
clinocephalism, clinocephaly - a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactyly - a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
macroglossia - a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome, mongolianism, mongolism, trisomy 21 - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
acrocephaly, oxycephaly - a congenital abnormality of the skull; the top of the skull assumes a cone shape
cheiloschisis, cleft lip, harelip - a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palate - a congenital fissure of the hard palate
defect - an imperfection in a bodily system; "visual defects"; "this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
amelia - congenital absence of an arm or leg
meromelia - congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
meningocele - a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
myelomeningocele - a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column; frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and mental retardation
plagiocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polysomy - congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
hermaphrodism, hermaphroditism - congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
pseudohermaphroditism - congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephaly - congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow; frequently accompanied by mental retardation
congenital heart defect - a birth defect involving the heart
rachischisis, schistorrhachis, spina bifida - a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
spinocerebellar disorder - any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
hyperdactyly, polydactyly - birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
syndactylism, syndactyly - birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
ankyloglossia, tongue tie - a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
anomalousness, anomaly - deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Congenital defect had caused Moneb's height and weight to be much lower than his brother's
This is a rare congenital defect which occurs only in one in a million people," said Dr Santosh.
182 new births with congenital defect of any system of human body born in or referred to the above hospitals including stillbirths and abortions during the period between 1st October 2011 till 31st may 2012 were included in the study.
His son Aamir, 12, suffers from a congenital defect called syndactyly -- or in simpler terms, webbed hands.
Sarah, who was born with no left hand due to a congenital defect, has been swimming at world-class level since 1992 and holds 48 world records.
A parent's constant grief or guilt because the child was born with a congenital defect, experienced a trauma, or if the child has contracted a chronic disease which may be genetically related, can have a negative impact on the child's development.
Dubai: A 58-year-old British expatriate successfully underwent surgery at Aster Hospital Mankhool to correct a congenital defect of a displaced hip that was hampering her daily activities, her surgeon said.
"According to veterinary doctors, ectopia cordis (EC) is a congenital defect of animals in which the heart is located outside the body or abnormally in the cervical region, pectoral region, or abdomen.
A CONGENITAL defect affecting her spine has left 11-year-old Maria Joddel Manangan unable to walk.
Ectopic ureter orifice, which produces enuresis ureterica is a relatively rare congenital defect, detected and treated mainly in children.
It is hoped the detailed research will also give parents whose baby has been diagnosed with a congenital defect before birth a better understanding as to its life-expectancy so they can make important, informed decisions.
His rare congenital defect was found on Valentine's Day in 2005 after he was hit in the chest during a fight and he collapsed.

Full browser ?