immunity

(redirected from congenital immunity)
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Related to congenital immunity: acquired immunity, active immunity, humoral immunity

immunity

being unaffected by something; a resistance to disease: The vaccine gave the children immunity to polio.; a legally established condition: The court granted the witness immunity from prosecution.
Not to be confused with:
impunity – exemption from punishment or harm: He carried out his evil act with impunity.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

im·mu·ni·ty

 (ĭ-myo͞o′nĭ-tē)
n. pl. im·mu·ni·ties
1. The quality or condition of being immune: "His above-average size during adolescence did not purchase immunity from the depredations of school bullies" (Stephen S. Hall).
2. Immunology Inherited, acquired, or induced resistance to infection by a specific pathogen.
3. Law
a. Exemption from certain generally applicable requirements of law or from certain liabilities, granted to special groups of people to facilitate the performance of their public functions: diplomatic immunity; judicial immunity.
b. Exemption from prosecution granted to a witness to compel him or her to give potentially self-incriminating testimony that otherwise could not be compelled because of the constitutional right against self-incrimination.
c. Exemption from being sued: sovereign immunity; charitable immunity.
4. A condition conferred upon a contestant that prevents him or her from being eliminated from a competition for a certain time period: The winner of the challenge was given immunity for the following challenge.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

immunity

(ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. (Biology) the ability of an organism to resist disease, either through the activities of specialized blood cells or antibodies produced by them in response to natural exposure or inoculation (active immunity) or by the injection of antiserum or the transfer of antibodies from a mother to her baby via the placenta or breast milk (passive immunity). See also acquired immunity, natural immunity
2. freedom from obligation or duty, esp exemption from tax, duty, legal liability, etc
3. any special privilege granting immunity
4. (Law) the exemption of ecclesiastical persons or property from various civil obligations or liabilities
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

im•mu•ni•ty

(ɪˈmyu nɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the state of being immune from a particular disease or the like.
2. the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease.
3. the ability of a cell to react immunologically in the presence of an antigen.
4. exemption from any natural or usual liability.
5. exemption from obligation, service, duty, liability, or prosecution.
syn: See exemption.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

im·mu·ni·ty

(ĭ-myo͞o′nĭ-tē)
Resistance of the body to infection by a disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or virus. Immunity is usually provided by the body's own immune system, which is determined by the action of one's genes. It may also be brought about by having had a disease or infection in the past and recovering from it. Immunity can also be induced artificially, especially by vaccination.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

immunity

1. Resistance to disease.
2. The body’s effective resistance against a diseasecausing organism. Immunity can be innate or acquired by producing antibodies. See antibodies, antigens.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.immunity - the state of not being susceptibleimmunity - the state of not being susceptible; "unsusceptibility to rust"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
exemption, freedom - immunity from an obligation or duty
2.immunity - (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
immunogenicity - the property of eliciting an immune response
acquired immunity - immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination
innate immunity, natural immunity - immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
3.immunity - the quality of being unaffected by something; "immunity to criticism"
invulnerability - the property of being invulnerable; the property of being incapable of being hurt (physically or emotionally)
4.immunity - an act exempting someone; "he was granted immunity from prosecution"
waiver, discharge, release - a formal written statement of relinquishment
fix - an exemption granted after influence (e.g., money) is brought to bear; "collusion resulted in tax fixes for gamblers"
official immunity - personal immunity accorded to a public official from liability to anyone injured by actions that are the consequence of exerting official authority
sovereign immunity - an exemption that precludes bringing a suit against the sovereign government without the government's consent; "the doctrine of sovereign immunity originated with the maxim that the king can do no wrong"
testimonial immunity, use immunity - an exemption that displaces the privilege against self-incrimination; neither compelled testimony or any fruits of it can be used against the witness who therefore can no longer fear self-incrimination
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

immunity

noun
1. exemption, amnesty, indemnity, release, freedom, liberty, privilege, prerogative, invulnerability, exoneration The police are offering immunity to witnesses who can help them.
2. (with to) resistance to, protection from, resilience to, inoculation against, immunization from immunity to airborne bacteria
resistance to exposure to, susceptibility to, liability to, vulnerability to, openness to, proneness to
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

immunity

noun
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
مناعَه، حَصانَه
imunitaodolnost
immunitetmodstandsdygtighed
immunitásmentesség
ónæmi
imunita

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ] N (Med, fig) → inmunidad f; (from tax, regulations) → exención f (from de) diplomatic immunityinmunidad f diplomática
parliamentary immunityinmunidad f parlamentaria
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪti] n
(to disease)immunité f
immunity to sth → immunité contre qch
(from prosecution)immunité f
to grant sb immunity from prosecution → accorder l'immunité à qn (pour ses délits ou crimes) diplomatic immunity
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

immunity

n
(Med) → Immunität f(to, against gegen)
(fig)Sicherheit f (→ from vor +dat); (diplomatic) → Immunität f; (to temptation etc) → Geschütztheit f, → Gefeitheit f(to gegen); (= imperviousness to criticism etc)Unempfindlichkeit f, → Immunität f(to gegen); immunity from prosecutionSchutz mvor Strafverfolgung
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

immunity

[ɪˈmjuːnɪtɪ] n (also) (fig) → immunità
diplomatic immunity → immunità diplomatica
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

immune

(iˈmjuːn) adjective
(with to or from) protected against, or naturally resistant to, eg a disease. immune to measles; immune from danger.
imˈmunity noun
ˈimmunize, ˈimmunise (ˈimju-) verb
to make immune to a disease, especially by an injection of a weak form of the disease.
ˌimmuniˈzation, ˌimmuniˈsation noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

im·mu·ni·ty

n. inmunidad.
1. condición del organismo de resistir a un determinado antígeno por activación de anticuerpos específicos;
2. resistencia creada por el organismo en contra de una enfermedad específica;
acquired ______ adquirida;
active ______ activa;
adoptive ______ adoptiva;
antiviral ______ antivírica;
artificial ______ artificial;
bacteriophage ______ bateriófaga;
concomitant ______ concomitante;
general ___general ___;
group ______ de grupo;
inborn ______ nata;
innate ______ innata;
maternal ______ materna;
natural ______ natural;
passive ______ pasiva.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

immunity

n inmunidad f; immunity to..inmunidad a or contra; herd — inmunidad colectiva or de grupo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The importance of mechanisms of congenital immunity in the cases of miscarriages of pregnancies with infectious genesis," The Vth World Congress on Immunopathology and Allergies; Vth European Congress on Asthma "Allergology and Immunology," Vol.8, No1, Moscow, April 21-24, p.122.

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