conjugation


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conjugation

Conjugation refers to the way we inflect (change the form of) verbs to create particular meanings.
When we discuss conjugating verbs, we usually refer to ways in which we change a verb in order to reflect grammatical tense, but we also conjugate verbs to reflect aspect, mood, voice, person, and speech.
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con·ju·ga·tion

 (kŏn′jə-gā′shən)
n.
1.
a. The act of conjugating.
b. The state of being conjugated.
2. Grammar
a. The inflection of a particular verb.
b. A presentation of the complete set of inflected forms of a verb.
c. A class of verbs having similar inflected forms.
3. Biology
a. The temporary union of two bacterial cells during which one cell transfers part or all of its genome to the other.
b. A process of sexual reproduction in which ciliate protozoans of the same species temporarily couple and exchange genetic material.
c. A process of sexual reproduction in certain algae and fungi in which temporary or permanent fusion occurs, resulting in the union of the male and female gametes.

con′ju·ga′tion·al adj.
con′ju·ga′tion·al·ly adv.

conjugation

(ˌkɒndʒʊˈɡeɪʃən)
n
1. (Grammar) grammar
a. inflection of a verb for person, number, tense, voice, mood, etc
b. the complete set of the inflections of a given verb
2. a joining, union, or conjunction
3. (Zoology) a type of sexual reproduction in ciliate protozoans involving the temporary union of two individuals and the subsequent migration and fusion of the gametic nuclei
4. (Biochemistry) (in bacteria) the direct transfer of DNA between two cells that are temporarily joined
5. (Biology) the union of gametes, esp isogametes, as in some algae and fungi
6. (Biology) the pairing of chromosomes in the early phase of a meiotic division
7. (Chemistry) chem the existence of alternating double or triple bonds in a chemical compound, with consequent electron delocalization over part of the molecule
ˌconjuˈgational adj
ˌconjuˈgationally adv

con•ju•ga•tion

(ˌkɒn dʒəˈgeɪ ʃən)

n.
1.
a. the inflection of verbs.
b. the whole set of inflected forms of a verb or the recital or display thereof in a fixed order.
c. a class of verbs having similar sets of inflected forms: the Latin second conjugation.
2. an act of joining.
3. the state of being joined together; union; conjunction.
4.
a. (in bacteria, protozoans, etc.) the temporary fusion of two organisms with an exchange of nuclear material.
b. (in certain algae and fungi) the fusion of a male and female gamete as a form of sexual reproduction.
[1400–50; late Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Late Latin]
con`ju•ga′tion•al, adj.
con`ju•ga′tion•al•ly, adv.

con·ju·ga·tion

(kŏn′jə-gā′shən)
A type of sexual reproduction in single-celled organisms, such as bacteria and some algae and fungi. In conjugation, two organisms or cells from the same species join together to exchange genetic material before undergoing cell division.

Conjugation

 a united series; a combination; a sequence.
Examples: conjugation of atoms, 1692; of labours, 1824; of letters, 1626; of men in society, 1605; of miracles, 1660; of probabilities, 1718.

conjugation

A verb inflection or a complete set of the inflections of a verb.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.conjugation - the state of being joined together
anastomosis, inosculation - a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
synapse - the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle; "nerve impulses cross a synapse through the action of neurotransmitters"
unification, union - the state of being joined or united or linked; "there is strength in union"
2.conjugation - the inflection of verbs
verb - the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence
inflection, inflexion - a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
3.conjugation - the complete set of inflected forms of a verb
set - a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used; "a set of books"; "a set of golf clubs"; "a set of teeth"
4.conjugation - a class of verbs having the same inflectional forms
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
5.conjugation - the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposesconjugation - the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes; "the casual couplings of adolescents"; "the mating of some species occurs only in the spring"
sex activity, sexual activity, sexual practice - activities associated with sexual intercourse; "they had sex in the back seat"
assortative mating - mating of individuals having more traits in common than likely in random mating
disassortative mating - mating of individuals having traits more dissimilar than likely in random mating
hybridisation, hybridization, hybridizing, interbreeding, crossbreeding, crossing, cross - (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
inbreeding - the act of mating closely related individuals
servicing, service - the act of mating by male animals; "the bull was worth good money in servicing fees"
6.conjugation - the act of making or becoming a single unitconjugation - the act of making or becoming a single unit; "the union of opposing factions"; "he looked forward to the unification of his family for the holidays"
compounding, combining, combination - the act of combining things to form a new whole
coalescence, coalescency, conglutination, coalition, concretion - the union of diverse things into one body or form or group; the growing together of parts
reunification, reunion - the act of coming together again; "monetary unification precipitated the reunification of the German state in October 1990"
tribalisation, tribalization - the act of making tribal; unification on a tribal basis
umbrella - having the function of uniting a group of similar things; "the Democratic Party is an umbrella for many liberal groups"; "under the umbrella of capitalism"

conjugation

noun
The result of combining:
Translations
تَصْرِيفتَصْريف الأفعال
časování
bøjningkonjugation
taivutus
konjugacijasprezanje
igeragozásragozás
sagnbeygingsamkomapersónubeyging sagna
接合活用結合語形変化連結
동사의 활용
časovanie
konjugation
การรวมกัน
sự chia động từ
(动词的)词形变化动词的变化形式

conjugation

[ˌkɒndʒʊˈgeɪʃən] N (Ling) → conjugación f

conjugation

[ˌkɒndʒʊˈgeɪʃən] n [verb] → conjugaison f

conjugation

n (Gram, Biol) → Konjugation f

conjugation

[ˌkɒndʒʊˈgeɪʃn] n (Gram) → coniugazione f

conjugate

(ˈkondʒugeit) verb
to give the different parts of (a verb).
ˌconjuˈgation noun

conjugation

تَصْرِيف časování bøjning Konjugation κλίση conjugación taivutus conjugaison konjugacija coniugazione 語形変化 동사의 활용 vervoeging bøyning koniugacja conjugação спряжение konjugation การรวมกัน birleşme sự chia động từ (动词的)词形变化
References in classic literature ?
As for the grammar, I was getting that up as fast as I could from Ollendorff, and from other sources, but I was enjoying Heine before I well knew a declension or a conjugation. As soon as my task was done at the office, I went home to the books, and worked away at them until supper.
But when she began to lay down the importance of conjugation, he forgot all about her.
We had no conjugation. One judged the tense by the context.
Now you may, for the sake of illustration, compare the different appearances of the star to the conjugation of a Greek verb, except that the number of its parts is really infinite, and not only apparently so to the despairing schoolboy.
But one day, when he had broken down, for the fifth time, in the supines of the third conjugation, and Mr.
Tom Tulliver, being abundant in no form of speech, did not use any metaphor to declare his views as to the nature of Latin; he never called it an instrument of torture; and it was not until he had got on some way in the next half-year, and in the Delectus, that he was advanced enough to call it a "bore" and "beastly stuff." At present, in relation to this demand that he should learn Latin declensions and conjugations, Tom was in a state of as blank unimaginativeness concerning the cause and tendency of his sufferings, as if he had been an innocent shrewmouse imprisoned in the split trunk of an ash-tree in order to cure lameness in cattle.
That, she felt, would be a sweet reward indeed for all her hard work and patient grubbing among unimaginative equations and conjugations.
Now let's have our conjugations. Give me the verb `to be,' potential mood, past perfect tense."
Researchers at Creative Biolabs specialized in antibody-drug conjugates field have made years of efforts to study a highly efficient conjugation method to avoid toxicity to normal tissues and thus enhance drug concentration in target cancer tissue.
WuXi Biologies plans to expand its new integrated biologics conjugation solution center to include commercial manufacturing in Wuxi City, China.
This license provides ADC Therapeutics with the rights to Synaffix's proprietary GlycoConnect site-specific antibody-drug conjugation and HydraSpace polar spacer technologies to develop and commercialize a third product candidate against a specific target.
This agreement provides Takeda with certain rights to LegoChem Biosciences' antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) technology, ConjuAll, including LCB's proprietary linker and conjugation platform, to research, develop and commercialize targeted immuno-oncology therapeutics.